Archive for Cadillac Brougham

Cadillac: The Standard of Excellence

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical, Classic American Marques, Editorials, Extreme Luxury, Grande Marque, Luxury Sedans with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 27, 2015 by 99MilesPerHour

A tribute to the traditional Cadillac

Lead photo

…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Tradition

Cadillac was once a formidable brand in the automotive industry. It was the standard of excellence in every aspect…superb fit & finish, remarkable engineering, absolute power…and prestige beyond belief world-wide. No automobile in the world achieved the admiration and respect as a Cadillac. Whatever one desired in a high-end luxury automobile…Cadillac either offered it or was in the process of building it. Always the innovator…always the epitome of luxury…and always the leader!

Fleetwood-bodied, hand-crafted automobiles catapulted the brand to an even higher standard of automotive excellence. The Cadillac DeVilles were and remain America’s favorite luxury cars. The formidable Eldorado had the entire industry in awe…with its poised dignity which was the hallmark of every Cadillac. Whether one chose the elegant open tourer, a spacious four-door sedan, the personal luxury of a two-door hardtop coupé, or a luxurious limousine…Cadillac designed and built the industry’s finest. NotoriousLuxury rekindles the passion of this lost art… in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Crest 1

The Cadillac crest

Crest 4 1963 B

1963 Cadillac crest

Crest 4 1963

The famous insignia that adorns the legend is a coat of arms from the French de la Mothe Cadillac family. It was registered as an American trademark on August 6, 1906. In the language of ancient heraldry it’s described as: “Quarterly, the first and fourth gold…a fess sable between three Merlettes of the same – posed two in chief and one in base. Second and third gules quartering argent…three bars azure.”

What does this mean? Translated, it describes a quartered shield with the uppermost left and lower right corners gold containing black bands with two legless birds above and one below the band. The uppermost right and lower left corners contain two red quarters, and two silver quarters with blue bars. The “couronne” or coronet is for the six counts of France. For symmetry, the original de la Mothe Cadillac family arms and the trademark of 1906 contain seven round pearls. Evolution of the crest through the years has displayed as many as 18 but no less than seven.

Crest 2 1941 B

1941 Cadillac crest

Crest 2 1941

Crest 3 1955 B

1955 Cadillac crest

Crest 3 1955

The first and fourth quarters represent the de la Mothe arms. The Merlettes are ancient heraldic adaptations of the Martin and are shown without beaks and legs. The Merlettes are given for a difference to young brothers to signify, in order to raise themselves they are to look to the wings of virtue and merit; and not to rely on the legs having but little land to set their feet upon. The second and third quarters were added to the de la Mothe arms to signify the favorable marriage which increased their estates. The red stands for prowess and boldness in action…the silver for purity, charity, virtue, and plenty. The azure blue signifies knightly valor – 

Fleetwood crest B

Fleetwood laurel wreath and Cadillac crest

Fleetwood crest

The laurel wreath augmenting the crest was used for Fleetwood…the senior most models in the hierarchy. DeVilles, Calais, and Series 62 models used a prominent “V” under the crest in either gold or silver. Contemporary Cadillac models use an abstract interpretation of this legendary design. Some agree this new design separates the make-believe Cadillacs from the genuine “Standard of the World” editions…

Crest 5 1965 B

1965 Cadillac crest

Crest 5 1965

Crest 6 1974 B

1974 Cadillac DeVille crest

Crest 6 1974

1959B tail fin

The formidable fins – 

1948 tail fin

1948

1949 tail fin

1949

Cadillac’s chief designer Harley Earl “started the dance” of which the entire automotive industry followed suit. This man designed Cadillac masterworks. It was his 1948 Cadillac creation that started it all – he designed the 1948-1949 Cadillacs patterned after the Lockheed P-38 war-time aircraft.

The beautifully tailored fins are artfully integrated into the rear fenders. These are separate bolt-on features which flow gracefully into the doors. Within a few years, tail fins sprouted in every division at GM…not to mention how the rest of the industry emulated but could not replicate the design. Harley Earl and Chrysler’s chief designer Virgil Exner instigated the “Tail Fin Wars” of the 1950s.

1952 tail fin

1952

1953 tail fin

1953

The next tail fin design appeared on the 1950-1953 Cadillacs. They have the same basic style only a bit more elegant and refined. Back-up lamps were moved from below the rear deck lid and repositioned beneath the taillamps for the 1951 model. Cadillac is one of the early pioneers of back-up lamps. The basic theme of the taillamp/back-up lamp combo ran through the 1956 model year designs.

1954 tail fin

1954

1955 tail fin

1955

1956 tail fin

1956

The 1954 model year introduced a higher tail fin to offset the overall lower silhouette. Cadillacs were redesigned to be longer, lower, and wider than previous models. The fins are more “kicked-up.” This is the most remembered style establishing Cadillac as the tail fin leader. This design went basically unchanged from 1954 until 1956. Cadillac didn’t redesign their offerings from a blinding flash of inspiration…change was evolutionary. The 1955 Eldorado sported its own unique shark-fin design which inspired the next model year for the standard Cadillac.

1956 Eldorado tail fin

1955-1956 Eldorado

1957 tail fin

1957

1957-1958 Eldorado tail fin

1957-1958 Eldorado “Chipmunk-Cheeks”

For the 1957 model year the tail fins were completely redesigned for the standard Cadillac models. They are a modified version from the 1955 Eldorado. The fins are lower and tapered into the architecture fashionably. The 1957 Eldorados received their own distinctive tail fin redesign. They are a bit sharper and more prominent than the previous version.

Rounded faired-in fenders received the nickname “Chipmunk-Cheeks” because of the appearance for the rear-end design of the Eldorados. The 1957-1958 Eldorado Seville and Biarritz used their new design; however, this was not inherited by any other Cadillac models. The 1957-1958 Cadillacs sported an even lower silhouette than previous designs. Automobiles were becoming more streamlined…Cadillac led the way in the entire industry with elegant designs, impeccable craftsmanship, and that poised dignity which was the hallmark of every Cadillac.

1958 tail fin

1958

1958 Eldorado Brougham tail fin

1957-1958 Series 70 Eldorado Brougham

1959 tail fin

1959

Tail fin drama continued. The tail fin shocker came with the 1959 redesign. The iconic 1959 Cadillac tail fins are the tallest and the largest in the industry. All Cadillac models shared the same design. They represent American excess to the hilt. Either you love ‘em or you hate ‘em…there is no in-between. Some say they are the summit of gaudiness…some say they are elegant, and then there are some who are undecided. Because of this controversy – 1959 Cadillacs especially Eldorados, fetch six figures easily on the auction block.

1960 tail fin

1960

1961 tail fin

1961

1962 tail fin

1962

Refinement for the mighty tail fin began the 1960 model year. The designers knocked them down a notch planing them into the architecture for a cleaner look. The restrained use of ornamentation also provided an understatement of Cadillac elegance. From 1960 onward, the tail fin began to disappear into oblivion. The 1961 model trimmed the fins tastefully and added lower fins called “Skegs” to the redesign. They were trimmed again for the 1962 model year. The finale for the beloved fins are the 1963-1964 model years. They disappeared completely for the all-new 1965 redesign. Cadillac will always be remembered for luxury, opulence, and tail fins!

1963 tail fin

1963

1964 tail fin

1964

1965 tail fin

1965…tail fins are banished into history

1966 tail fin

1966

1967 tail fin

1967 Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood

1967-1969 Eldorado tail fin

1967-1969 Fleetwood Eldorado

1968 tail fin

1968 Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood

1969 tail fin

1969 Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood

1970 tail fin

1970 Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood

1970 Eldorado tail fin

1970 Fleetwood Eldorado

1971 tail fin

1971-1972 Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood

1971-1972 Eldorado tail fin

1971-1972 Fleetwood Eldorado

1973 tail fin

1973 Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood

1973 Eldorado tail fin

1973 Eldorado

1974-1976 tail fin

1974-1976 Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood

1974-1976 Eldorado tail fin

1974-1976 Eldorado

1977-78 Eldorado

1977-1978 Eldorado

Pink Cadillac 3

The luxury of choice

Pink Cadillac 1

The traditional Cadillac offered more body styles than any other luxury car manufacturer. There is no more romantic architecture than a Cadillac convertible. They are the glamour cars of the stars. The elegant open tourers are still the most desired convertibles in the entire world. These elegant Cadillac creations have inspired music by Aretha Franklin and Elvis Presley with “Pink Cadillac.” They have inspired movies such as “The Solid Gold Cadillac” with Judy Holiday in 1954. They were also used in parades such as the very first Cadillac Eldorado of 1953 driven in the inaugural parade for Dwight D. Eisenhower.

And we cannot forget the 1973 Eldorado convertible pace car for the 57th 500 Mile International Sweepstakes held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway on Wednesday May 30, 1973. There is no more dramatic manner in which to travel Cadillac-style than open air motoring in an elegant Cadillac convertible coupé. Whether it be the classic Series 62…the classic DeVille…or the “Gilded One” it is the ONLY way to travel…Cadillac-style – 

Pink Cadillac 2

1959 Series 62 convertible

Pink Cadillac 4

Pink Cadillac 5

1957 Fleetwood 1

1957 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1957 Fleetwood 2

The most distinguished automobiles in all of motordom are the impeccably hand-crafted Fleetwood-bodied Cadillacs. This is luxury on the grand Cadillac scale…in the grand Cadillac manner. These most revered models are more than austere, ostentatious bling as today’s kitschy-faux make-believe luxury cars. The Fleetwood-bodied Cadillacs are the most luxurious owner and chauffeur-driven models in the history of the brand. All Fleetwood crafted cars were built on their own dedicated assembly lines. Their individually longer wheelbases provide more rear seat passenger room.

The magnificent Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Broughams are decadently luxurious with ultra-exclusive accommodations that offer limousine-style luxury in an owner-driven sedan. It is the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special that reinforced the “Standard of the World” title. Unfortunately…there will never, ever, be another hand-crafted Cadillac Fleetwood…they epitomized the brand’s integrity as the finest automobiles on the planet. No car in the luxury automobile arena could have been made more personally yours than a Cadillac Fleetwood. Will there ever be another LUXURIOUS Cadillac to be the pride of the US…and the envy of the world?

1957 Fleetwood 4

1957 Fleetwood 5

1957 Fleetwood 3

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 1

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 2

The most eloquent sedans in the world are the Cadillac Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five nine-passenger sedan and Imperial formal limousine. Executive-style grace with spacious accommodations is expedited in a refined and most dignified manner. This is the ultimate expression of the “Standard of the World.” These opulent sedans are still seen at foreign embassies, palaces, and in the driveways of luxurious estates. Some things are just too good to be forgotten.

These hand-crafted Fleetwood-bodied masterpieces will still be in service…when today’s make-believe luxury cars are rusting in peace at the local scrap yard. Cadillac commercial chassis were popular as ambulances during the 1950s throughout the 1970s because of their notorious reliability and high-speed capabilities. They were also built as hearses of the utmost dignity. Some mortuaries still have them in service just because…there is nothing in today’s market that even comes close to the poised dignity that was the hallmark of every traditional Cadillac Fleetwood –

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 4

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 5

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 7

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 6

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 3

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 1

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 2

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 3

Good taste never goes out of style…

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 4

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 5

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 6

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five 8

1970 Coupe deVille 1

1970 Coupe deVille

1970 Coupe deVille 4

America’s sweethearts –

The Cadillac DeVille remains America’s favorite luxury car. They are available as the Coupe deVille, Sedan deVille, and the DeVille convertible. They enjoyed the highest resale value and repeat ownership of any American-built luxury car. The elegant Coupe deVille and Sedan deVille sold more automobiles than the combined aggregate totals of the competitors.

The Cadillac DeVille ruled the industry from 1949 until the 2004 model year when it became the DTS; maintaining the poised dignity Cadillac invented. The Cadillac DeVilles are among the most successful and longest production runs in the history of the brand. Their preeminence in the luxury car arena is achieved through years of growth and innovation. These elegant motorcars stole the hearts of enthusiasts world-wide in one svelte swoop.

1970 Coupe deVille 5

1970 Coupe deVille 6

1970 Coupe deVille 10

1976 Sedan deVille 1

1976 Sedan deVille

1976 Sedan deVille 5

1976 Sedan deVille 2

1976 Sedan deVille 4

1976 Sedan deVille 3

1976 Sedan deVille 8

Their six-passenger roominess combined with legendary Cadillac comfort and conveniences are what retained their following annually. They are smooth, responsive, and quiet beyond belief. The Coupe deVille is the only two-door luxury car that offers as much interior room as the competitor’s four-door sedan. It was the primary choice among the ladies with its intimate personal luxury and high style. Features and accessories were available to make it as unique as its driver.

The Sedan deVille is the luxury sedan that doubles as a family sedan. With its four-door convenience, it is like your own personal limousine. It was the perennial favorite among luxury car buyers. The Sedan deVille offered more comfort and convenience features and accessories as standard equipment than its competition. Open air touring with a youthful zest makes the DeVille convertible the number one choice among convertible lovers. Its fully automatic, power folding fabric roof disappeared at the touch of a button. The DeVille is the grandest of all open tourers…Cadillac-style. Its luxury has no peer. The Cadillac DeVille was the only luxury convertible built in the land at the time. It is one of the world’s most dramatic automobiles.

1970 DeVille 3

1970 DeVille convertible

1970 DeVille 5

1970 DeVille 6

1970 DeVille 7

1976 Eldo convt 4

1976 Eldorado convertible

1976 Eldo convt 2

No story regarding Cadillac could be complete without mention of “The Gilded One.” The totally avant-garde Eldorado was the Flagship from Cadillac the entire world will never forget. They became the most dramatic models in the history of the brand. Elegance, innovation, and engineering excellence made them one of the world’s most desired dream cars. The Eldorado introduced styling, features, and accessories that eventually found their way to other future models.

The superb Cadillac engineering, advanced design and dedication to excellence spawned the formidable 1967 Fleetwood Eldorado. It is the ultimate personal luxury automobile. The Fleetwood Eldorado is the only car in the world to successfully combine the positive traction of front-wheel drive, the agility of Variable Ratio Power Steering, and the perfect balance of Automatic Level Control. During its tenure, the Cadillac Eldorado was available as a convertible coupé, a two-door hardtop coupé, and an ultra-luxurious four-door hardtop sedan. They were the glamour cars of the 1950s through the 1970s…and remain so –

1976 Eldo convt 3

1976 Eldo convt 6

1976 Eldo convt 7

1956 Series 62 convt 1

1956 Series 62 convertible

1956 Series 62 convt 4

The traditional Cadillac was the most desired automobile in the entire world. It was the standard of excellence and second to none in the manufacture of luxury motorcars. It is a legend, and an American institution. A Fleetwood-bodied Cadillac is a hand-crafted masterpiece from the master craftsmen that garnered the title of the “Standard of the World.” The DeVilles remain America’s favorite luxury cars in every respect. The Eldorado began as the Flagship and evolved into the finest personal luxury car in the world. Cadillac had a luxury car for every luxury car buyer…whether coupé, convertible coupé, sedan, or an opulent limousine – the only way to travel…was Cadillac-style. NotoriousLuxury salutes the traditional Cadillac…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1956 Series 62 convt 3

Special thanks to the finest classic automobile dealers in the business: Daniel Schmitt Classic Cars, Bob Adams Classic Cars, Jim Hailey’s Classic Cars, MJC Classic Cars, Park Ward Motors Museum, and Matt Garrett & GM Classics. You are the best in the industry!

1956 Series 62 convt 5

1956 Series 62 convt 7

1956 Series 62 convt 6

“As the Standard of the World Turns”

Greg's World

NotoriousLuxury IS Greg’s World…

Advertisements

1994 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham: The end of an illustrious era in motoring

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical, Editorials, Extreme Luxury, Grande Marque, Luxury Sedans, Notorious with tags , , , , , , , , , , on September 1, 2015 by 99MilesPerHour

“As the Standard of the World Turns” presents…

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 1

…Those Fabulous Fleetwoods

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 2

The finale to Cadillac’s full-size rear-wheel, big-bodied luxury sedans is the 1993-1996 Fleetwood. The 5.7 litre V8 powered the last of Cadillac’s Flagship luxury grand tourers in true Cadillac-style. For the 1994 model year the Fleetwood received the 5.7 litre LT1 V8 from under the hood of the formidable Corvette. The eminent Fleetwood Series WAS the Cadillac of Cadillacs. In stature, in presence, and power, the Fleetwoods were the end of an illustrious era in motoring luxury.

The Brougham epitomized the brand being the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac luxury sedan in the model hierarchy. It is the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special that garnered the “Standard of the World” title for Cadillac. The Brougham option was so popular for the 1965 model year that it became its own series. The fabulous Fleetwood Brougham has a poised dignity which was the hallmark of every Cadillac. The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham leads the flashback performance of “Those Fabulous Fleetwoods”…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 3

Power…prestige…and presence are the attributes to the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood. Model #DW5 style code #W69 1994 Fleetwood sedan was base priced between $33,990 and $34,615. The base sedan is a hefty 4,478 pounds and with the Brougham option it becomes 4,506 pounds. The Brougham option with the handsomely tailored Prestwick cloth interior was an additional $1,680. The Brougham option with glove-soft leather upholstery was $2,250 extra. These are the big-bodied Fleetwoods built on the “D-body” platform that was shared with Chevrolet for the Caprice Classic, Buick for the Roadmaster, and Oldsmobile for the Custom Cruiser wagon. This is the last full-size platform from General Motors. Cadillac built 27,473 Fleetwoods for the 1994 model year.

1930 Fleetwood V16 1

1930 Fleetwood V16 convertible sedan

1930 Fleetwood V16 2

The eminent Fleetwood series began as a pet project by Larry Fisher, one of the famous Fisher brothers that formed the Fisher Body Division of General Motors. He was intrigued by luxury bodied Cadillacs. Fisher Body was formed in 1916. Larry Fisher became GM general manager in 1925. He coordinated the Fleetwood Metal Body Company acquisition in 1925.

Fleetwood no longer produced bodies for a variety of luxury brands now that it was owned by GM. The Fleetwood Division bodied cars exclusively for the Cadillac brand. From 1927 through 1934 any Cadillac could be ordered with a Fleetwood crafted body. By 1938, Cadillac became more exclusive with Fleetwood-bodied cars. The only way to get a Fleetwood was to order the Series 75 or Series 90.

1930 Fleetwood V16 3

1930 Fleetwood V16 4

1930 Fleetwood V16 5

1930 Fleetwood V16 6

1938 Series Sixty-Special 1

1938 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1938 Series Sixty-Special 2

For the 1938 model year Harley Earl and Bill Mitchell, both top design managers for GM, introduced the eminent Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special. The name became synonymous with the most luxurious Cadillacs. Beginning in 1940 onward, the Series Sixty-Special would bear the high-end trim. For 1941 the Series Sixty-Special gained an exclusive 133” wheelbase and a uniquely stretched “C-body” platform for the next 28 of the 34 model years. These special cars had special trim, with greater head and legroom, with the exclusive wheelbase. The fabulous Fleetwood-bodied cars catapulted Cadillac into the “Standard of the World” which is a formidable title Cadillac would hold until the late 1970s.

1938 Series Sixty-Special 8

1938 Series Sixty-Special 5

1938 Series Sixty-Special 6

1938 Series Sixty-Special 7

1938 Series Sixty-Special 10

1938 Series Sixty-Special 9

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 1

1939 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Derham Town Car

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 2

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 5

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 6

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 3

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 4

1941 Series Sixty-Special

1941 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1952 Series Sixty-Special 3

1952 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1952 Series Sixty-Special 7

The Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special continued to flourish throughout the 1940s and 1950s. No motorcar in history has captured the admiration of luxury car buyers as the fabulous Fleetwoods. Whatever the occasion, there was no more gracious manner in which to arrive. This is luxury on the grand Cadillac scale…they are outstanding even among Cadillacs. Fleetwood crafted the interiors of all Cadillacs; they hand-crafted the entire car for the eminent Fleetwood Series…on a dedicated assembly line – 

The custom crafted design and superb Fleetwood coachwork speak eloquently of its owner’s impeccable taste. Never has the Cadillac emblem adorned more impressive automobiles than the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special sedans. In every aspect of motorcar superiority, the fabulous Fleetwoods are truly masterworks of the motoring age – it was unlikely that any material possession reflects good taste and achievement more than the distinctive Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special.

1952 Series Sixty-Special 4

1952 Series Sixty-Special 5

1952 Series Sixty-Special 6

1952 Series Sixty-Special 2

1952 Series Sixty-Special 1

1954 Fleetwood 1

1954 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

1954 Fleetwood 2

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 1

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 2

Now, fast-forward to the 1965-1970 Fleetwood Series that reinforced the image of these eminent automobiles. They were the Flagships annually in the model hierarchy. The Fleetwood is the last word in exclusivity and supremacy. If you see one of these distinguished models, it is instantly recognizable. They have an individually longer wheelbase and signature styling features that were not shared with other Cadillac models. And if the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special wasn’t grand enough for you in 1965, you could have ordered the Brougham option.

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 4

The Brougham was so successful in 1965 that it became its own stand-alone series in the model hierarchy for the 1966 model year. The Brougham is the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac luxury sedan. Signature styling features include a formal padded vinyl roof, “Brougham” nomenclature inside and affixed to the rear “C” pillars, carpeted rear seat footrests, adjustable reading lamps, and a 60/40 dual power front seat. The 1965-1967 Broughams have folding wooden tables attached to the backs of the front seats. Fleetwoods up to and including the 1970 model year have genuine walnut trim inside. A Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham is a car that wasn’t seen at every stop light.

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 5

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 6

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 7

The 1965 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 8

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 3

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 9

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 1

1970 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 2

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 3

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 4

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 5

A dual 60/40 power front seat, carpeted rear seat foot rests, and adjustable rear seat reading lamps…were all signature styling features of the Sixty-Special Brougham, the 1970 model is shown here.

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 6

1972 Fleetwood 1

1972 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1972 Fleetwood 2

1972 Fleetwood 11

1972 Fleetwood 12

1972 Fleetwood 13

1972 Fleetwood 15

1972 Fleetwood 14

1972 Fleetwood 7

1972 Fleetwood 10

1976 Fleetwood 1

1976 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1976 Fleetwood 2

The 1971-1976 Fleetwoods are the last to be in the Sixty-Special model series. These are the last of the hand-crafted Fleetwoods built on their own dedicated assembly line. They are the last to have the distinctive 133” wheelbase built on an exclusive platform. The Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special is known for its glitzy, chrome-laden presence…1976 is the last true Sixty-Special Brougham. The 1971-1976 Fleetwoods were now all Fleetwood Broughams; there were no more base Sixty-Special sedans. Special editions of the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special include the Brougham d’Elegance above and the Fleetwood Talisman.

1976 Fleetwood 5

1976 Fleetwood Talisman 

1976 Fleetwood 8

The interior of the sumptuous Fleetwood Talisman

1976 Fleetwood 9

1976 Fleetwood 4

1976 Fleetwood 61976 was the last of the full-size Cadillac luxury sedans…

1976 Fleetwood 3

1976 Fleetwood 7

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 1

1977 Fleetwood Brougham

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 2

From 1977-1979 the Fleetwood lost its distinction. The Sedan deVille and Fleetwood Brougham were now trim levels for a base product. The only exterior augmentation distinguishing the Fleetwood Brougham is a uniquely padded vinyl roof treatment with a Frenched-in limousine style rear window, special nomenclature, and stainless-steel lower rocker moldings. All of the enigmatic “Fleetwood” stature had vanished. The major difference was the interior trim level.

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 8

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 9

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 10

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 6

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 7

1980-1989 Fleetwood 1

1980-1989 Fleetwood 2

1980-1989 Fleetwood 3

1980-1989 Fleetwood Brougham

1980-1989 Fleetwood 4

From 1980 until 1984, the Sedan deVille and the Fleetwood Brougham shared the same body shells also. The Fleetwood Brougham continued to be the Flagship. It is simply known as the “Brougham” from 1988 until 1992. The Fleetwood Brougham is basically the same car from 1980 until 1992. The Brougham received refined new styling for the 1990-1992 models, but it is still the same basic bodyshell. The 1990-1992 models are the classiest of the 1980-1992 versions.

1980-1989 Fleetwood 5

1980-1989 Fleetwood 6

1980-1989 Fleetwood 7

1980-1989 Fleetwood 12

1980-1989 Fleetwood 8

1990-1992 Brougham 2

1990-1992 Cadillac Brougham

1990-1992 Brougham 3

1990-1992 Brougham

1990-1992 Brougham 4

1990-1992 Brougham 6

1990-1992 Brougham 5

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 5

For the 1993-1996 production years, the Fleetwood was revamped as a rear-wheel drive luxury sedan sharing neither sheet metal nor drive train with any other Cadillac. It was the largest rear-wheel drive automobile made in America at the time…and the last of the big-bodied behemoths that spoiled Americans.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 6

The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood is the king of the road. It has a front mounted engine and rear-wheel drive. It rides upon a long 121.5” wheelbase, has the luxury length of 225.1”, and a wide 78” stance which makes it superior in ride quality. This is traditional Cadillac luxury at its finest – The optional Brougham package includes a fully padded vinyl roof, special “Brougham” nomenclature, exclusive aluminum wheel design, and contoured seating with a special sew-style. This option makes the 1994 Brougham even more distinctive. The Fleetwood Brougham continues the tradition of being the most luxurious sedan in the model hierarchy.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 1

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 2

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 4

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 8

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 15

The base Cadillac Fleetwood for 1994 is equipped with: power windows, automatic power door locks, Pass Key II theft deterrent system, Electronic Climate Control (uses R-134a refrigerant), Solar Ray tinted glass, front and rear center folding arm rests with storage bins inside, digital instrument cluster, Illuminated Entry system, driver’s memory seat with two settings, power six-way front seating which includes power triple element lumbar controls, manual articulated front head restraints, split frame construction 55/45 dual comfort front seats (seat cushion and back rest are both individually adjustable), Cruise Control, and a leather wrapped tilt steering wheel. These are just a few of the myriad comfort and convenience features offered by America’s largest and most comfortable luxury sedan. A number of options were available to make the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood as unique as its owner’s finger prints –

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 17

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 19

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 18

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 20

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 21

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 9

The Cadillac Fleetwood was the primary choice of premiere coachbuilders. The coachbuilder limousine package was $755. A funeral coach package offered a $910 credit because only the front end of the Cadillac Fleetwood was used; the coach work completely revised the rear of the car. The heavy-duty livery package was $150. When Cadillac discontinued the Fleetwood, the coachbuilders scrambled to buy the last of them…after the Fleetwood and the Lincoln Town Car ceased production, the coachbuilding industry suffered.

They converted vans into hearses, Hummers were stretched into limousines, gaudy yes, but there was nothing else large enough to stretch into a professional vehicle. The new Cadillac XTS stretched into a hearse is “homely” to the point of looking like a caricature; their limousine versions are equally as tacky. The XTS looks awkward from most angles; this is exemplified when they are stretched…shame on Cadillac for building such crap –

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 26

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 25

The ferocious LT1 engine from the Chevrolet Corvette became standard for the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood. It is the GenII 5.7 litre V8 with 16-valves and a displacement of 350 CID. This naturally aspirated V8 engine used sequential port fuel injection and new Opti-Spark Ignition. This is an angle-based spark delivery system that ensures a precisely timed high-energy spark for optimum fuel efficiency and low exhaust emissions. It uses dual-platinum-tipped spark plugs that can go up to 100,000 miles before changing. (I personally went 120,000 before replacing the plugs, and really didn’t have to at that point. I always burn premium gasoline that keeps the injectors cleaner which in turn adds life to the spark plugs.)

The LT1 cranks 260 hp @ 5,000 rpm with 454 Nm of peak torque @ 2,400 rpm. The engine is mated to GM’s electronically controlled 4L60-E Turbo Hydra-Matic 4-speed automatic transmission with overdrive and torque converter clutch. The transmission features altitude compensation and over-rev protection. The transmission shares the same key information with the Powertrain Control Module as the engine to maintain consistent shifting even in higher altitudes as well as automatically upshifting out of D1 (first gear) to second to protect the engine. It also has a stainless-steel exhaust system for longer life.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 12

The 1994 Fleetwood is a powerful luxury sedan. Longitudinal acceleration is rated as: 0-60 mph in 8.5 seconds, 0-100 mph in 22.6 seconds, and 0-120 mph in 40.3 seconds. It does the ¼ mile @ 88 mph in just 16.1 seconds. If this engine kicks-butt in a Vette…can you imagine this same powerplant in a luxury barouche like the Cadillac Fleetwood? If you are like me who likes a big, fast, and extremely well-mannered luxury sedan, the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood sedan is the automobile for you.

This car is not only fast but efficient as well. The large 23 gallon fuel tank allows it to go longer between fill ups. Fuel economy is rated as 17 mph city/25 mpg highway. I personally have gotten 35 mph doing straight highway driving; burning 93 octane gasoline while driving at speeds between 70-80 mph. (kids do not try this at home). These cars are magnificent performers.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 7

The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood is built as body on frame construction. The front suspension is fully independent with short/long arm upper and lower control arms, coil springs, deflected disc shock absorbers, and stabilizer bar. The rear uses Cadillac’s four-link drive, coil springs, stabilizer bar, and Electronic Level Control system. The Cadillac Fleetwood has a Powertrain Control Module and computer diagnostic system for extended service and fewer maintenance requirements.

Standard is the Bosch ABSIIU, the patented three-channel anti-lock braking system with power assisted discs to the front axle and drums to the rear axle. To aid in its overall operation ASRIIU full range Traction Control with throttle relaxer is also standard. Power Speed Sensitive Steering is recalibrated to balance highway and parking feel. The Electronic Variable Orifice (EVO) valve is a key component in variable assist systems.

At speeds below 40 mph the EVO valve is completely open allowing full hydraulic flow from the power steering pump through the steering unit for maximum power assist. At higher speeds the control module commands the EVO to partially close which restricts the hydraulic flow reducing assistance to improve the road feel while providing greater directional stability.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 11

Custom Carriage Roof treatment

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 10

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 27

The Cadillac Fleetwood is no mere luxury factotum. All Fleetwoods are full-fledged luxury sedans that are highly sought among collectors world-wide. The 1994 Fleetwood goes to great lengths to provide the attributes that are so important to luxury car buyers. It retains the classic elegance and style of which Cadillac is so prominent. The Fleetwood’s preeminence in the luxury car arena is unequalled among its competitors.

The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood is one of the roomiest cars you can buy. This is a luxury sedan with the heart of a sports car. Powered by the formidable 5.7 litre LT1 V8 from the Corvette, it can pounce from 0-60 mph in a mere 8.5 seconds. The Cadillac Fleetwood evolves from a tradition of eloquence. A Fleetwood has that poised dignity which was the hallmark of every Cadillac. The fabulous Cadillac Fleetwoods are another successful chapter…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 3

1957 Eldorado Brougham 1

1957 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham hand-crafted by Fleetwood

1957 Eldorado Brougham 2

Special thanks to Sarasota Classic Car Museum, Park Ward Motors Museum, RLB Auto Group, MJC Classic Cars, Matt Garrett and GM Classics, Jim Hailey, and Bob Adams Classic Cars for these beautiful photographs.

1957 Eldorado Brougham 4

1957 Eldorado Brougham 5

1957 Eldorado Brougham 6

1957 Eldorado Brougham 7

1957 Eldorado Brougham 3

1957 Eldorado Brougham 9

1958 Series Sixty-Special 2

1958 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1958 Series Sixty-Special 6

1958 Series Sixty-Special 4

1958 Series Sixty-Special 5

1958 Series Sixty-Special 1

1958 Series Sixty-Special 3

1959 Series Sixty-Special 1

1959 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1959 Series Sixty-Special 3

1959 Series Sixty-Special 4

1959 Series Sixty-Special 5

1959 Series Sixty-Special 2

1959 Series Sixty-Special 6

1959 Series Seventy-Five

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

1964 Series Sixty-Special 2

1964 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1964 Series Sixty-Special 1

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 1

1974 Fleetwood Talisman

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 2

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 3

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 4

1976 Fleetwood 10

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

1976 Fleetwood 11

1976 Fleetwood 12

1976 Fleetwood 14

1976 Fleetwood 13

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 4

The Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham is NotoriousLuxury

Cadillac Style

The only way to travel was Cadillac-style…will there ever be another?

Fresh Metal: 1980 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical, Fresh Metal with tags , , , , , on March 9, 2014 by 99MilesPerHour

The continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns”Image

The Fleetwood Brougham was the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac

Image

Image

Image

Image

The 1980 model year was another downsizing for the DeVille and Fleetwood series. It was considered a “re-styling” but it was a downsizing, the car’s length and width were the same but every component on the car was downsized to make the car look bigger and to conserve petrol.

The body lines were trimmer and more aerodynamic. A new 6.0 litre V8 engine was the last of the great Cadillac engines designed as a “Cadillac” engine. The Fleetwood Brougham once again augmented the model hierarchy as the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac. This was a dramatically contemporary performance…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The 1980 Fleetwood Brougham was engineered for the demands of today’s driving. Its new more formal roofline increased rear seat roominess. From the stylish new grille to the beautifully beveled rear deck lid it was a contemporary expression of formidable Cadillac luxury. Its aerodynamic wind cheating silhouette not only increased fuel economy but aided its stability.

The new limousine-style rear window treatment and new Electro-luminescent opera lamps in the center pillar were signature Fleetwood Brougham exterior features. Distinctive wide rocker moldings and the stand-up laurel wreath and crest hood ornament completed the Fleetwood luxury touches of elegance.

Image

Image

Image

Image

20

Inside the 1980 Fleetwood Brougham was spacious six passenger traditional Cadillac comfort. The new roofline permitted two more inches of rear seat room. Rich Heather knit with Raphael inserts was available in six colors. A leather upholstered interior was available in 10 colors. Dual Comfort front seating with six way power for both driver and passenger, and individually adjustable rear seat reading lamps were Brougham signature interior features.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Standard Brougham interior with optional leather upholstery

Image

Image

Image

Standard features for the 1980 Fleetwood Brougham included: power windows and door locks, Automatic Climate Control, Twilight Sentinel, power steering and brakes, Tilt & Telescopic steering wheel, power trunk release with power pull-down feature, fully padded Elk grain vinyl roof with limousine-style rear window treatment and French seams, Electro-luminescent opera lamps, lamp monitors, remote-controlled right and left side outside rearview mirrors, folding center front and rear seat armrests, automatic power antenna, exterior accent striping, seat belt chimes, Tungsten halogen high beam headlamps, and wide whitewall steel-belted radials. By the 1980s, the Fleetwood Brougham lost its exclusivity to be reduced to a mere trim option package. The Fleetwood Brougham lost its Fleetwood-body at the end of the 1976 model year production. It lost its Automatic Level Control and four-wheel disc brakes at the end of the 1979 model year.

Image

1957-1958 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham

Image

A most impressive manner to add further distinction to the 1980 Fleetwood Brougham was a Cadillac special edition. The Brougham d’Elegance trim option was the ultimate expression of Brougham luxury. Available in five colors the Brougham d’Elegance exclusive pillow-style seating was upholstered in supple leather or Heather/Raphael knit. Deluxe Tampico carpet with carpeted floor mats were luxuriously under foot. The Brougham d’Elegance was another opulent Cadillac luxury sedan.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

This is a very special 1980 Fleetwood Brougham. Matt Garrett used his imagination and expertise to create “an example of the way Cadillac should have offered this car to begin with.” He installed the legendary Cadillac 8.2 litre 500 CID 16-valve OHV V8 engine under the hood.

He contracted the services of MTS (Maximum Torque Specialist) to build a high-compression version of the 1970 8.2 litre with 400 horses. All of the “non-essential” attributes of this magnificent engine were omitted making this big-block behemoth extremely smooth and powerful. The transmission was tweaked to sync with the engine augmentation. This is my kind of Cadillac!

Image

Image

Image

A custom 3” dual exhaust system was tuned to a quiet but authoritative ‘groan’ hinting at its inexhaustible power supply. Matt used a heavy-duty 4 core radiator, an 18×6 plate oil cooler, a 12×12 plate transmission cooler, and a heavy-duty booster fan for optimum cooling for this brute. The wheels are Crager Star Wires, the only genuine wire wheels that could hold up to this car’s prolific torque.

With these special wheels Matt used special Vogue wide whitewalls. Matt says “it’s mind blowing when you race someone who expects to humor you…and you put 3-4 bus lengths on cars like the 350Z’s.” Matt Garrett did this Cadillac justice. I say we send Matt Garrett to head the Cadillac Motor Division at General Motors…he seems to know what Cadillac is remiss… 

Image

Image

The 1980 Fleetwood Brougham shared the same body and platform as the 1980 Sedan deVille. The Sedan deVille version used this bodyshell and platform through the end of the 1984 model year production run. The Fleetwood Brougham would continue using this same body/platform through the 1992 model year when it was known simply as the “Brougham.”

The fabulous Fleetwood Brougham was basically a badge-engineered Sedan deVille. A coupe version of the Fleetwood Brougham was released during the middle of the 1980 model year, it was the same theory; it was a badge-engineered Coupe deVille. There hadn’t been a Fleetwood-bodied Cadillac since the end of the 1976 model year production run. By the end of the 1980s, Cadillac had become a hodge-podge of GM parts.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The 1980s proved to be challenging for automakers. With EPA mandated mpgs and stricter emission control standards, luxury automobiles took a hit and had to be refined for the day. Cadillac built a 6.0 litre 368 CID 16-valve OHV V8 engine that was lighter in weight adding to its fuel economy. It produced 150 hp @ 3,800 rpm with 359 Nm of peak torque @ 1,600 rpm.

The engine was mated to GM’s Turbo Hydra-Matic THM-400 3-speed automatic transmission. The engine was equipped with a Rochester 4-bbl downdraft Quadrajet and a mechanical fuel pump. Performance was rated as 0-60 mph in 13.7 seconds, 0-100 mph in 57.9 seconds with a top speed of 104 mph. It did the ¼ mile @ 71 mph in 20.2 seconds. Unfortunately, hp had to be sacrificed for the contemporary issues of the day aka fuel economy.

Image

The 1980 Fleetwood Brougham was built as body on frame construction using Cadillac’s ladder-type frame with welded crossmembers. The Brougham rode on a long 121.5” wheelbase, had the luxury length of 221” with a 76.4” wide stance. The front suspension used upper and lower control arms with independent coil springs, link-type stabilizer bar and hydraulic direct action shock absorbers.

The rear suspension was no longer set-up for height control as it was no longer standard equipment but now, optional at extra cost for the first time on a Fleetwood beginning the 1980 model year. It used Cadillac’s four-link drive, coil springs, and hydraulic direct action shock absorbers. The Brougham lost its height control and standard four-wheel disc brakes for the 1980 model year, they both were now optional features. It used a hypoid type rear axle, and a propeller shaft with two constant velocity joints.

Image

The 1980 Fleetwood Brougham was equipped with Cadillac’s triple braking system. The self-adjusting system was fitted with front discs with single piston sliding calipers and duo-servo drums fitted to the rear axle.

The system used a power hydraulic dual master cylinder with separate hydraulic fluid chambers to facilitate independent front and rear brake operation. The parking brake had an automatic vacuum release and was considered a true auxiliary brake since it wouldn’t lock with the engine running and car in gear.

Image

The 1980 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham was restyled with a trimmer more aerodynamic silhouette. It was powered by an all-new 6.0 litre V8 engine. From its stylish new grille to the beautifully beveled rear deck lid, it was an elegant expression of Cadillac luxury. The formal new roof line added rear seat head and leg room to the already spacious six passenger interior. A full complement of Cadillac amenities were standard.

The Fleetwood Brougham historically was the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac and the 1980 model was no exception to the elegant rule. The Fleetwood Brougham was always a car of elegant refinement. The clean, contemporary lines highlighted a distinctive roof treatment, luxurious appointments, and the Cadillac heritage made the 1980 Fleetwood Brougham one of the world’s great luxury sedans. This was luxury on the grand Cadillac scale in the grand Cadillac manner. It was another elegant Fleetwood performance…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Image

1980 Maloney “double-cut”

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

1941 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

Image

1949 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

Image

Image

1965 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

Image

1969 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

1970 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

1972 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

1974 Fleetwood Talisman

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

1976 Fleetwood Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

1977 Fleetwood Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

1984 Fleetwood Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

1990 Fleetwood Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

1991 Brougham

Image

Image

Image

1992 Fleetwood Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

1996 Fleetwood Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

…so what’s next as the Cadillac Flagship?

1977 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical with tags , , , , , on February 26, 2014 by 99MilesPerHour

The next generation of the luxury carImage

 The continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns”

Image

The next generation of the luxury car was introduced by Cadillac for the 1977 model year. Based on the 1975 Cadillac Seville, this new breed was designed for the contemporary changing world. While more compact in exterior design the 1977 Fleetwood Brougham retained the legroom and headroom of the luxurious 1976 Brougham. Making efficient use of space using computer technology, and lighter weight materials yielded major advancements in fuel economy.

A major engineering objective was to design the 1977 Cadillacs to reduce service complexity making it easier to service should it be required. The next generation of the luxury car was designed for today’s world and didn’t forget the reasons one purchased a Cadillac: elegance, performance and prestige. Cadillac celebrated their 75th Anniversary for 1977 with completely re-designed models. This contemporary expression of Cadillac luxury was a new view of the legendary motorcar in the continuing saga of…”As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Image

Image

The 1977 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham was a car complete. Standard features included: Automatic Climate Control, Automatic Level Control, four-wheel disc brakes, power windows and door locks, 50/50 Dual Comfort front seats, opera lamps, Soft-Ray glass, AM/FM Signal Seeking Radio with scanner and power antenna, lamp monitors, cornering lamps, and steel-belted wide-whitewall tires.

Image

Image

The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham didn’t stint on comfort nor convenience. There was the same spacious head and legroom as the previous 1976 model, the 1977 interiors were redesigned for more efficient use of space. The luxurious interiors by Fleetwood included eleven color combinations of supple natural grain leather, or there were seven shades of Florentine velour or handsome Dover cloth in four colors to choose from. The Fleetwood touch was evident in the seat cushion sew-style as well as the tailored door panels. The standard folding center front and rear armrests added further distinction and comfort. The traditional carpeted rear seat footrests and the adjustable rear seat reading lamps continued the Brougham tradition for this next generation luxury sedan.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Gone was its body by Fleetwood, it now shared the same bodyshell and chassis as the 1977 Sedan deVille. The Brougham’s new contemporary bodywork was augmented by a distinctive roof treatment that differentiated it from the Sedan deVille. The Fleetwood Brougham was always a luxury sedan of elegant refinement.

The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham retained the six passenger comfort, elegance, and exclusivity long associated with the brand. Cadillac engineers retuned body mounts and structure for a smoother ride and quiet interior. The elegant new silhouette, the bold front end styling, and the attractive Cadillac-style tail lamps made the 1977 Fleetwood Brougham an exciting new expression of contemporary Cadillac luxury.

Image

Image

The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was a car of unmistakable elegance and impressive roadability. With its agile 121.5” wheelbase, maneuverability was increased in city traffic and it was easier to park. The Fleetwood Brougham synthesized an all-new trimmer size and design with traditional Cadillac comfort and convenience. It was designed to meet the needs of American drivers.  The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was re-engineered for easier serviceability and fewer maintenance services.

The High Energy Ignition system eliminated points and condenser. The Freedom Battery never required water. Isoflex body mounts provided a firm but luxurious ride. Teflon liners in the rear springs reduced friction. The match-mounted tires/wheels reduced deflection and increased rolling smoothness. Cadillac engineers used computer technology throughout its design. Computer simulation, advanced structural analysis, advanced testing instrumentation, and the use of advanced components were all networking aggregately in this next generation luxury car.

Image

Image

Image

The 1977 Cadillacs were powered by an all-new Cadillac 7.0 litre 425 CID 16-valve OHV V8 engine. It was equipped with a 4-bbl Quadrajet and a mechanical fuel pump. The engine produced 180 hp @ 4,000 rpm with 434 Nm of peak torque @ 2,400 rpm. Performance was rated as 0-60 mph in 11.9 seconds, 0-100 mph in 39.9 seconds with a top speed of 112 mph. It did the ¼ mile @ 76 mph in 19.1 seconds. The available optional Electronic Fuel Injection system boosted hp to 195 and increased performance ratings by a few seconds. The engine was mated to GM’s Turbo Hydra-Matic THM-400 3-speed automatic transmission. The all-new V8 engine had a cast iron block and heads, five main bearings, and hydraulic valve lifters.

Image

Image

Image

Image

ImageImage

Image

The completely re-designed 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was a large front engine rear drive luxury sedan. It was built as body on frame construction using Cadillac’s ladder type frame with welded crossmembers. It rode on a long 121.5” wheelbase, had the luxury length of 221.2” and was 76.4” wide. The front suspension used upper and lower control arms, independent coil springs, link-type stabilizer bar and hydraulic direct action shock absorbers. The rear suspension was set-up for the Automatic Level Control network. It used Cadillac’s four-link drive, coil springs, and dampers designed for the height control.  It also used a hypoid type rear axle with propeller shaft using two constant velocity joints for the front and rear. 

Image

Image

Image

Cadillac’s triple-braking system was standard. It used a power hydraulic dual master cylinder with separate fluid reservoirs for independent operation of front and rear brake systems. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham had four-wheel ventilated disc brakes with a self-adjusting feature. It was equipped with a tandem vacuum power booster and single piston sliding calipers front and rear. The parking brake had silent action with a vacuum release. It was a true auxiliary brake since it would not lock with the engine running and car in gear. This highly sophisticated braking system provided smooth, fade-free operation.

Image

Image

Image

Image

It was the Cadillac Seville that inspired the next generation of the luxury car. Cadillac had to re-design their offerings to compete in the contemporary market. There were several deciding factors for a smaller, trimmer, more fuel efficient Cadillac. The 1973 Arab Oil Embargo set the stage which created havoc in the US with gasoline shortages, long lines at the stations with fuel, and the rising cost of crude oil.

The EPA mandated Corporate Average Fuel Economy or CAFÉ standards could not be ignored either or GM would have faced unpleasant consequences. The Seville was introduced in 1975 as a 1976 model. It was based on a modified Chevy Nova platform and used an Oldsmobile 5.7 litre 350 CID engine. The Seville introduced a new “international-sized” luxury sedan…it was clean and compact. The Seville proved through efficient use of space and lighter weight materials that a luxury car could obtain optimum gasoline mileage. The European inspired styling was a refreshing new view of Cadillac luxury.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Cadillac engineers expanded the dimensions of the Seville slightly combining contemporary styling and classic Cadillac styling cues. The result was the 1977 Cadillacs. Compared to the 1976 Brougham, the 1977 version had a 121.5” wheelbase vs the 133” of the 1976. The 1977 Fleetwood had an overall length of 221.2” vs the 233.7” of the 1976, width went from 79.8” for the 1976 down to 76.4” for the 1977. It was the Cadillac Seville that initiated a new era of Cadillac luxury. The Seville’s styling was so popular that it spawned a decade of clones from various automakers. General Motors over-did the design with ALL of its divisions, sharing most of the Seville’s styling cues. Yes, it was the trusty Cadillac Seville that ushered in the “bad-taste” era that spanned an entire decade in the 1980s.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Cadillac sold 335,785 vehicles for the 1977 model year, it had broken the previous sales record for the 1976 model year which produced 304,485 vehicles. It was the first time that Cadillac had exceeded the 300,000 mark. Cadillac broke the sales record again for the 1978 model year building 350,813 vehicles.

Cadillac was the only luxury brand that could re-design its offerings so drastically yet manage to set new sales records. The luxury car buyers appreciated Cadillac’s trimmer, more efficient models…especially at the fuel pumps. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham production totaled 28,000 vs the 234,171 DeVille production total. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was base priced at $11,546. Try to locate a brand new luxury sedan today for that price!

Image

Image

Image

Image

Cadillac reinvented the luxury car for the 1977 model year. They were completely re-engineered from the ground up. They had a completely new bodyshell, chassis, and engine. The all-new Cadillac 7.0 litre V8 engine more than adequately powered the next generation of the luxury car. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham had clean, sculpted, sensible styling right for the changing times. It was designed for more efficient use of space.

The Fleetwood Brougham was trimmer on the outside but retained its spacious six passenger comfort with virtually the same interior dimensions as the 1976 Fleetwood Brougham. It was an immediate success breaking the 1976 sales production total. In total value, comfort, convenience and luxury with prestige, the 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was truly one of the world’s great sedans. The 1977 Cadillac Fleetwood was another superlative superlative…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

 1977 Sedan deVille from Matt Garrett’s collection

Image

Image

Image

The 1977 Cadillacs were the next generation of the luxury car

8

 

1977 Fleetwood Brougham

Requiem For A Legend: 1976 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical with tags , , , , , , on February 25, 2014 by 99MilesPerHour

Farewell to the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

The continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns”

Image

The 1976 Fleetwood Brougham was the last of the breed

Image

Image

It was farewell to one of the most distinguished motorcars of the twentieth century. The 1976 Cadillac Fleetwood Sixty-Special Brougham was the last of the breed…..it was one of the last full-size Fleetwood-bodied Cadillacs. The majestic Fleetwood Sixty-Special Brougham maintained an opulence…a poised dignity that was the hallmark of every Cadillac. It was immediately identified wherever fine automobiles gathered. This was the last of the grandest motorcars of the entire twentieth century……another standing ovation in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Image

It struck a pose….a pose of poised dignity. Elegantly and impeccably crafted in its entirety by Fleetwood, this magnificent series augmented the Cadillac hierarchy annually. Built at a restricted pace for exclusivity, the formidable Fleetwood Brougham was the epitome of Cadillac luxury……it was the very essence of the brand. The Fleetwood Brougham was NOTORIOUSLY the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac luxury sedan.

It was decadent luxury at its finest……Automatic Level Control, carpeted rear seat footrests, Automatic Climate Control, a fully padded vinyl roof, an individually longer wheelbase……it was a big ole’ rollin’ Barco lounger……impervious to the outside world. The Cadillac magic carpet ride was never better. On a long road trip, this was motoring magnificence…the more you drove it…the more you wanted to drive it. This car was so awesome all I had to do was steer and operate the pedals. It was my favorite Cadillac out of all of the DeVilles and Fleetwoods I have owned. It was the Fleetwood series that not only majestically augmented the model line-up…it epitomized Cadillac…it was everything a Cadillac was to be….and more.

I knew the difference immediately when the latter year models came on the scene….it was not the same anymore…that Cadillac magic was gone. The Fleetwood series reinforced the “Standard of the World” impetus because it MADE the phrase! It was the illustrious Fleetwood series that catapulted the brand to stardom…so now we’re supposed to sweep it under the carpet and forget about it? NOT!

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

I thought I would give you a bit of background just to show you how impressive the Fleetwood series was. Fleetwood coachcrafting spans the decades as one of the most celebrated in history. Fleetwood custom coachcrafting dates back to 1909. Fleetwood is actually a town in Lancashire England in the UK where a small group of Artisans created custom coachcrafting of unparalleled elegance. 

Fleetwood did custom bodywork for all of the finer automakers such as Duesenberg, Fiat, Isotta Fraschini, Lincoln, Packard, Pierce-Arrow, Mercedes-Benz, Rolls Royce, Bentley, and of course…Cadillac. The Fleetwood Metal Body Co was purchased by GM in 1925 and was situated in Fleetwood Pennsylvania.

Larry Fisher of the infamous Fisher Brothers (Fisher Body) helped to shape GM and coordinated Fleetwood into an integral part of the Cadillac brand. Fleetwood Body Division became “The Most Exalted One” at the Fisher Body plant. Fleetwood exemplified the Cadillac brand as I stated previously, catapulting it to stardom: “The Standard of the World.”

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The Fleetwood series was built at a much restricted pace to retain its exclusivity. The Fleetwood series had a model hierarchy within itself. The upper end was the eminent Series Seventy-Five Nine Passenger Sedan and Imperial Limousine, these were the only automobiles specifically designed and engineered to be limousines…and were not “double-cuts.”

Next was the revered world-renown Series Sixty-Special that initiated “the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac” tradition. And finally, the Fleetwood Eldorado in both coupe and convertible…front and rear wheel drive versions. The Fleetwood Eldorado was the only two-door crafted by Fleetwood. No, that mid 1980s version of the Fleetwood Brougham coupe doesn’t count because technically it was NOT a Fleetwood-bodied Cadillac, it was in fact a “Coupe deVille” with crap glued on to make one think they were driving a different car, which didn’t go over well with Cadillac buyers like myselfWe already knew that the Fleetwood Brougham of the 1980s was really a “Sedan deVille” with crap glued on to make us think that we were driving a different car…which insulted our intelligence. Naughty!

That was the major fatal error made by Cadillac after the down-sizing in 1977. The eminent Fleetwood series was in a class all by itself…it was special even among other Cadillac models. The 1976 Fleetwood Brougham was indeed one of the world’s great luxury sedans and a worthy heir to be adorned with the laurel wreath and crest…to carry on the tradition of “Standard of the World” in the highest form of Cadillac elegance and prestige. It went down in history as the last of the great motorcars of the twentieth century……

Image

Image

This is a NOTORIOUSLY special Cadillac. It belonged to the wife of radio commentator Paul Harvey, Lynne Cooper Harvey whom Paul called “Angel.” Paul later gave this car to his best friend who was concert pianist Van Cliburn. This car is a rolling piece of history.

Image

Model code #6B B69 Fleetwood Brougham had a base price of $10,935 and 24,500 units were built for the 1976 model year. The advertising campaign that year was focused on the final opportunity to own a brand new full-sized Cadillac Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood. The Cadillac Fleetwood was a luxury car tradition for decades and was deemed the ultimate expression of achievement in America, it was the quintessential status symbol…the formidable “Standard of the World” stood alone……

Image

The 1976 Fleetwood Brougham was powered by the largest powerplant to be installed into a production passenger vehicle…in the world. The massive 8.2 litre 500 CID 16-valve OHV V8 engine was first introduced for the 1970 Fleetwood Eldorado. This engine was the largest V8 engine ever built by Cadillac. The engine produced 190 hp @ 3,600 rpm with 488 Nm of peak torque @ 2,000 rpm. It was equipped with a Rochester M4ME 4-bbl downdraft Quadrajet with equalized manifold, mechanical in-line fuel pump, and electric choke. Performance was rated as 0-60 mph in 12.8 seconds, 0-100 mph in 43.5 seconds and had a top speed of 114 mph. It did the ¼ mile @ 75 mph in 19.1 seconds. The engine was mated to GM’s Turbo Hydra-Matic THM-400 3-speed automatic transmission. A fuel injected version for the 8.2 litre V8 was available that featured faster starting, smoother idle, and increased fuel economy.

Image

Image

Image

Image

The 1976 Fleetwood Brougham featured body on frame construction using Cadillac’s rugged perimeter frame with heavy gauge boxed side rails. The Fleetwood Brougham was built upon a modified platform on a separate assembly line than the Deville/Calais series. The Fleetwood Brougham had the luxury length of 233.7”, rode on a long 133” wheelbase, and was 79.8” wide. It was an extremely large front engine rear wheel drive sedan. The Cadillac magic carpet ride was due in no small part to its suspension design. The front suspension used upper and lower control arms, independent coil springs, integral steering knuckle, tapered roller bearings, spherical joints with lower joint wear indicators, rod and link-type stabilizer bar, and hydraulic double action shock absorbers.

Image

Image

The Fleetwood Brougham’s rear suspension was designed to facilitate the standard Automatic Level Control. This sophisticated system monitored suspension deflection with changing road and load conditions making the necessary adjustments accordingly. After the road or load change issue ceased, the suspension adjusted itself to normal operation. It had a delay built in so potholes or short stints of uneven pavement didn’t activate the system. This automatic self-leveling system was the key element in Cadillac’s magic carpet ride for the Brougham.

It not only help to tame the worst pavement, it also kept the majestic Fleetwood Brougham at optimum height to maintain its aesthetic beauty. The rear suspension also included Cadillac’s four-link drive, coil springs, and special dampers for the Automatic Level Control network. It is the rear of a vehicle with height control that does all of the work. It was fitted with a hypoid-type rear axle with ring gear. The propeller shaft used two constant velocity joints. Now you know the secret to the Fleetwood’s svelte performance. Cadillac was the “Standard of the World”…..the Fleetwood series was the showcase of Cadillac superlatives.

Image

Image

Image

Cadillac’s triple braking system was standard. A power dual hydraulic master cylinder provided independent operation of front and rear brake systems. It was equipped with a large tandem vacuum power booster. The parking brake had silent action with automatic vacuum release. It was also a true auxiliary brake, with its automatic release it would not lock with the engine running and car in gear. This self-adjusting brake system used ventilated discs with single piston calipers for the front axle and duo servo finned cast iron drums fitted to the rear axle.

Image

Image

The Fleetwood Brougham was always the pinnacle of Cadillac luxury and elegance. The handcrafted interiors by Fleetwood were impeccably tailored as fine furniture. The sumptuous deep-seated luxury was distinctive even among Fleetwood models. Signature Brougham interior touches included: carpeted rear seat footrests, adjustable rear seat reading lamps, and power 60/40 Dual Comfort front seats. Being an eminent Fleetwood model, it was equipped as such with standard features including Automatic Climate control, power windows and door locks, front and rear folding center armrests, Variable Ratio power steering, quartz digital clock, Soft-Ray glass, and an AM/FM Signal Seeking Stereo radio with power antenna. Available interior trim choices included “Minoa” a ribbed velour with leather bolsters in three colors, “Mansion” an understated knit fabric in five colors, and supple Sierra grain leather in 11 trim combinations. The 1976 Fleetwood Brougham’s roominess and refinements made it one of the world’s great luxury sedans. The magnificent Fleetwood luxury touch abounds making the 1976 Fleetwood Brougham the most revered sedan in all of motordom.

Image

Image

Image

This is the sumptuous Fleetwood Talisman

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The Fleetwood Brougham was renowned for its distinctive elegance. Cadillac special edition cars were a further expression of individuality. For the 1976 model year, the Fleetwood Talisman and the Brougham d’Elegance option trim packages were the ultimate choices of grace and stature Cadillac style. Interiors played the key roles in these two luxurious options.

Image

The Fleetwood talisman was the ultimate in personal luxury and comfort. The entire interior was upholstered in Medici crushed velour. It included a locking center storage console for front seat passengers and was trimmed in the same crushed velour. The center console had an illuminated writing pad, pen, and storage bin. The contoured lounge seats had a unique European shirred sew-style. Exterior signature features included a padded Elk grain vinyl roof with “Fleetwood Talisman” script on each rear sail panel, turbine vaned wheel discs, and a stand-up laurel wreath and crest adorning the hood. Webster defines “Talisman” as magical or producing miraculous results…….so did Cadillac.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The Brougham d’Elegance trim package featured luxurious contoured pillow-style seating. The hand button tufted upholstery was trimmed in Mansion knit cloth with deep pile carpeting available in five colors. Dual Comfort 50/50 front seats, shirred seatback storage pockets, turbine vaned wheel discs, padded Elk grain vinyl roof with “Brougham d’Elegance” scripts on each rear sail panel, brushed chrome door moldings, and stand-up laurel wreath and crest hood ornament completed the trim option package. The Brougham d’Elegance was an ultra-luxurious way to enjoy the Fleetwood Series sixty-Special.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The Oil Embargo of 1973 initiated the demise of the full-size American luxury car. The 1976 Cadillacs were advertised as the last opportunity to own a brand new full-size Cadillac Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood Brougham. The majestic Fleetwood Brougham was the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac. The power of its 8.2 litre V8 engine was astonishing for a motorcar of such magnificence. The commanding 133” wheelbase gave the 1976 Fleetwood Brougham a uniquely regal stature. The spacious interior by Fleetwood surrounded its passengers with plush fabrics and supple Sierra grain leather.

The 1976 Fleetwood Brougham was the most elegant expression of the Spirited Seventies. It was luxury on the grand Cadillac scale. The excellence of the owner’s taste was rewarded with admiration world-wide with this supreme achievement in motoring. The 1976 Fleetwood Brougham was the nostalgic end of an era……it was the last full-size Fleetwood Brougham, it was also one of the last Fleetwood-bodied Cadillacs. The eminent Fleetwood series had its standing ovation for the very last of the real Cadillacs. This was the “forget me not” in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

I would like to thank Jim Hailey, Matt Garrett, Ken at RLB Auto Group, Bob Adams Classic Cars, Daniel Schmitt & Co, Rik Gruwez at Liberty Oldtimers, Left Coast Classics, Concept Cars, Lash Auto Sales, and all of the other caretakers in the world of classic automobiles……for keeping the spirit alive. I am honored to bring these classic cars back into the spotlight to give them their 2nd debut recognizing them for the outstanding works of automotive art that they have become. There will never, ever, be another illustrious era in motoring again due to contemporary avarice. Cadillac was the “Standard of the World” with design…engineering…exemplary craftsmanship, and the perpetual strive for perfection…will there ever be another Cadillac Flagship? Will there ever be another “Standard of the World?

Image

Classic 1941 Fleetwood Touring Imperial

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1947 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1949 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

 Golden Anniversary 1952 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

Image

Image

Image

Image

 

Classic 1954 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1954 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five Imperial

Image

Image

Classic 1957 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1959 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1959 Cadillac Series Seventy-Five

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The iconic “Tail Fin” for 1959

Image

Image

Classic 1965 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1965 Fleetwood Eldorado

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1966 Fleetwood Eldorado

Image

The formidable 1967 Fleetwood Eldorado

Image

Image

Classic 1969 Fleetwood Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

Classic 1970 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1970 8.2 litre Fleetwood Eldorado

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1971 Fleetwood Eldorado

Image

Image

Classic 1971 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1972 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic Landau Roof for 1972 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

Image

Image

Classic 1972 Fleetwood Eldorado

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1972 Fleetwood Eldorado convertible

Image

1973 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

Image

Image

Classic 1974 Fleetwood Talisman

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Classic 1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five Imperial

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

 1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five Nine Passenger Sedan

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The last full size Cadillac Fleetwood…….

1993-1996 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical with tags , , , , on January 29, 2014 by 99MilesPerHour

This was the farewell to the traditional rear drive Fleetwood

ImageImage

Image

Cadillac Motor Division redesigned the 1993-1996 Fleetwoods as the new age luxury sedans. The Brougham was again a member of the Fleetwood Series. These regal sedans were spacious and elegant, not to mention highly efficient. With their traditional full-size luxury and Cadillac style, they were immediately identified in any gathering of fine cars. These sedans were available as the base Fleetwood and the Fleetwood Brougham models.

They historically were the last of the eminent full-size rear-drive Fleetwoods. With their all-new aerodynamic design, Fleetwood was an impressive new choice in traditional luxury. The Fleetwood Series was the standing ovation for the Cadillac brand. This is a farewell salute…. In Loving Memory of “The Standard of the World.” This also left the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns” on hiatus…..

Image

Image

Image

The 1993-1996 Fleetwoods went to luxurious new lengths to provide qualities one desired most in luxury automobiles. They were the roomiest luxury sedans built in America. Fleetwood’s all-new aerodynamic design made it incredibly quiet inside. This traditional luxury car came with peace of mind with Cadillac owner privileges such as 24-hour roadside assistance, the no-deductible 4-year/50,000 mile Gold Key Bumper to Bumper warranty, and courtesy transportation was also provided.

The bodyshell provided a vault-like door assembly with the added protection of side guard door beams and a reinforced safety cage surrounding the entire passenger compartment. Front and rear crumple zones were designed to accordion at a controlled rate cancelling collision energy before it reached the passenger compartment. The 1993-1996 Cadillac Fleetwoods were as rugged as they were beautiful, and as efficient as they were rewarding to drive. Production totals are the following: 1993 – 29,744 vehicles, 1994 – 23,177 vehicles, 1995 – 13,445 vehicles, and 1996 – 12,596 vehicles.

Image

Image

Image

Standard features included a 5.7 litre 350 CID 16-valve V8 engine equipped with platinum tipped spark plugs, 4-speed automatic transmission with overdrive and torque converter clutch and electronic shift control and brake/transmission interlock, speed sensitive Electronic Variable Power Steering, Electronic Level Control, daytime running lights (from 1995 on), full range Traction Control, 140 amp alternator, heated folding side view mirrors, lamp monitors, power deck lid pull-down, trumpet horn, on-board computer diagnostics, Twilight Sentinel, remote keyless entry system, message tell-tale center), power door locks with anti-lockout feature, driver and front passenger air bags, Bosch ABS-5 anti-lock brakes, dual stainless-steel exhaust system with two reverse flow mufflers and two straight resonators, and the Pass Key Theft Deterrent system to name a few. Cadillac offered more comfort and convenience features standard than any other luxury brand.

Image

Image

Image

The interiors were upholstered in both cloth and glove-soft leather. The Fleetwood and Fleetwood Brougham had a luxurious ambience offering power windows and door locks, Cruise Control, leather trimmed Tilt & Telescopic steering wheel, controlled cycle wipers, and Electronic Climate Control.

Popular features and accessories were available to create an even more distinctive luxury sedan. They were six-passenger spacious with more head and legroom than any other luxury sedan built in America. These were Cadillac’s last attempt at a full-size traditional luxury sedan….it was also the final curtain call for the legendary Fleetwood Series as rear wheel drive.

Image

Image

The 1993-1996 full-size Fleetwood sedans were built as body on frame construction on a rugged ladder-type frame with 2-sided galvanized steel on body panels. The front suspension featured upper and lower control arms of unequal length, independent coil springs, deflected disc shock absorbers, and stabilizer bar. The rear used a four-link drive, coil springs, stabilizer bar, and Electronic Level Control network.

The Fleetwood sedans provided an excellent platform for limousine and professional car conversion. To add a strange note; the 1993-1996 Fleetwood sedans shared their platform with the Chevy Caprice and the Buick Roadmaster. What was even creepier, these Fleetwoods were powered by Chevrolet 5.7 litre V8 engines, the 1994-1996 Fleetwoods got the LT1 5.7 litre Corvette engine. The last GM full-size cars were merely a hodge-podge of GM parts. All three used the same modified production dies also….so “Simon says….each be the same yet be individual…..” It was sorta like a “Cadillac Caprice Classic Brougham”, if you will, that is just wrong! A Cadillac should have a Cadillac powerplant….right? 

Image

Image

For the 1995 model year the Integrated Chassis control System (ICCS) measured vertical travel and loading to differentiate between smooth, rough, course, and harsh road surfaces. This data was imported into the ABS/TC (Traction Control) controller to limit engaging ABS on dry, rough pavement. The 1995 model year also marked 80 years of V8 powered Cadillacs. The 5.7 litre 350 CID LT1 engine used a cast iron block and heads, a cast aluminum intake manifold, hydraulic valve lifters, and five main bearings.

The 5.7 litre produced 260 hp @ 5,000 rpm with 447 Nm of peak torque @ 3,200 rpm. Performance was rated as 0-60 mph in 8.2 seconds, 0-100 mph in 22.3 seconds with a top speed of 142 mph. It did the ¼ mile @ 88 mph in 16 seconds. The engine used Sequential Port Fuel Injection controlled by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) with a paper element fuel filter and electric in-tank fuel pump.

GM’s Turbo Hydra-Matic 4L60-E 4-speed automatic transmission was equipped with electronic shift control, torque converter clutch, and overdrive. Emission controls included (AIR) Air Injector Reactor with Computer Command Control (CCC), (EGR) Exhaust Gas Re-circulation with controlled flow, 3-way warm-up catalytic converter, Evaporative Emission Control with charcoal canister, and (PVC) Positive Crankcase Ventilation.

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The Brougham option package was $2,465 and featured articulated head restraints, eight way memory driver’s seat, heated front seats, fully padded vinyl roof, rear seat lighted vanity mirrors, and special aluminum wheels. Other popular options included a cellular phone, chrome wheels, leather upholstery, sunroof, trailer towing package, AM/FM stereo with cassette and single slot CD player, Coachbuilt Limousine package, and heavy-duty Livery package. Cadillac offered more comfort and convenience features both standard and optional than the other luxury brands.

Image

Image

18

Image

Image

Image

The 1993-1996 Fleetwoods were the standing ovation for the Cadillac brand. No other automobile has garnered the respect and admiration as the formidable Fleetwood Series. The fabulous Fleetwood Brougham was motoring on the grand Cadillac scale in the grand Cadillac manner.

The Brougham historically was always the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac sedan. With an all-new design, the Cadillac Fleetwood was the new age luxury sedan and an impressive new choice in traditional luxury. They were equipped with powerful 5.7 litre V8 engines, Traction Control, Bosch ABS-5 anti-lock brakes, Electronic Variable-assist power steering, and an automatic 4-speed transmission with torque converter clutch and overdrive, all standard.

crest

Cadillac perks included the Gold Key Delivery 4-year/50,000 mile warranty with no deductible and courtesy transportation, Cadillac’s 24/7 roadside assistance program, and the peace of mind knowing you were driving one of the finest automobiles in the world. The Cadillac showrooms were never the same after the formidable Fleetwood’s departure. The limousine and professional car makers chose the 1993-1996 Fleetwood over all other brands.

The Fleetwood Series were the cars that alerted the world to Cadillac’s prowess. It was the formidable Fleetwood-bodied Cadillacs that augmented the model line-up annually as the essence of the brand….the epitome of luxury and presence. A Cadillac Fleetwood had the poised dignity that was the hallmark of every Cadillac. This was the final salute to the Series that put Cadillac on the map….In Loving Memory of “The Standard of the World.” This was the final chapter in the Fleetwood Legend in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World turns.”

Image

Image

Image

Thank you Matt Garret for the use of your archives

Image

These are the last of the full-size Cadillacs…..

1990-1992 Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk Limousine

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical with tags , , , , , on January 26, 2014 by 99MilesPerHour

The Silverhawk is unparalleled opulence and splendor

Image

Image

Image

An Armbruster Stageway coachcrafted vehicle was the grandest expression of Limousine luxury, elegance, and prestige. They were indeed the finest Flagship Limousines in the world. They were equipped with dual sliding glass partitions separating front and rear compartments for luxury and ultimate privacy, and were the hallmarks of these magnificent Limousines….plus a ride that had to be experienced.

With an Armbruster Stageway Limousine, dedication to quality and durability were paramount. They were equipped with special conveniences, had impeccable engineering, and lest we forget….the gracious comfort, spaciousness, and the elegance of a totally bespoke masterpiece. An Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk was the absolute epitome of opulence and splendor in all of motordom.

Image

Image

Image

When premium coachbuilders desired to create bespoke Limousines of unparalleled distinction, they used Cadillac and the illustrious Brougham as the fabulous foundation. Upon this platform was built one of the most formidable Limousines in existence. With its timeless elegance, level of comfort and convenience the Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk was legendary in stature, presence, and the ultimate in prestige.

There was no more formal way of introduction to your company greeting clients, or, as an exclusive rolling boardroom on wheels for the CEO, CFO, and COO to conduct business with ultimate privacy and discretion.  And, of course it could be used as the private serenity of the ultimate Limousine as it was created to be. The Cadillac Brougham was the excellent start for this Limousine of unparalleled luxury, exclusivity, and supremacy.

Image

This is how an Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk begins…

Image

And here is the magic transformation….

Image

….the WOW factor!

Image

Armbruster Stageway is the oldest name in the professional vehicle industry. Based in Ft. Smith, Arkansas three men began a business building and restoring horse-drawn carriages. Armbruster Stageway has a history that spans over 100 years in the funeral car industry.

They built the first combustion engine Limousine. Armbruster Stageway was dedicated through generations of building the finest Limousines as witnessed by Matt Garrett’s exemplary example in pristine condition, the formidable 1990 Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk Limousine.

Image

This massive 60” double-cut was built on the 1990-1992 Cadillac Brougham foundation and was transformed into the world’s finest Executive Limousine. This one is #150 built in March of 1990. It is equipped with a 5.7 litre 350 CID 16-valve V8 engine mated to a 700-R4 automatic transmission.

Armbruster Stageway had their own specifications for these magnificent motorcars. Matt Garrett’s Silverhawk is equipped with rear astroroof, rear bar, sink with drain and running water, ice chest, mobile entertainment system, dual privacy dividers, intercom phone, rear heating and cooling system, and special rear compartment illumination.

27

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

The Brougham conversion included the 60” stretch, heavy-duty 5.7 litre/700-R4/Corp 8.5 drivetrain, heavy-duty chassis which included a beefed up perimeter frame, large stabilizer bars front and rear, heavy-duty rear end, heavy-duty engine and transmission cooling, dual electric engine fans, dual stainless steel exhaust system, and special bespoke features and accessories which make it a distinctly elegant carriage. There is no better way to travel Cadillac style than in this 1990 Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk limousine.

Image

Image

The 1990-1992 Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk was a Limousine of distinctive taste. Their unparalleled elegance and splendor made them the grandest expression of Limousine luxury and indeed the finest Flagship Limousines in the world. Armbruster Stageway had an illustrious and impressive history of superlative coachcrafting that was the finest in the industry spanning generations over 100 years.  Their dedication to quality and durability was paramount and foremost thus, creating magnificent Limousines of distinction with tasteful elegance.

 These prestigious automobiles combine undeniable opulence and exclusivity, with spacious comfort, and advanced engineering and of course, formidable Cadillac charismatics. The 1990-1992 Armbruster Stageway Silverhawk Limousine was without conjecture, the finest bespoke Limousine in the world….don’t take my word for it, just ask Matt Garrett. Thanks again Matt for keeping the spirit alive and quite well!

Image

Image

The Cadillac Brougham created Limousines of distinction