Archive for Full-Size Cadillac Sedans

Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham – Contemporary Masterpiece

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac: Masterpiece from the Master Craftsmen, Classic American Marques with tags , , , , , , , , , , on September 4, 2017 by 99MilesPerHour

There’s nothing like the traditional full-size Cadillac. From the admiring glances of envy…to the myriad standard comfort and convenience features and accessories – The stately Fleetwood Brougham was considered the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac in the model hierarchy. Fleetwood-bodied Cadillacs are the epitome of grandeur with a poised dignity which was the hallmark of every traditional Cadillac motorcar.

The 1994 Fleetwood Brougham is endowed with a special type of spirited operation few luxury cars share. It’s the 1993-1996 rear-wheel drive Fleetwood series that is the last of the breed…the end of an illustrious era in motoring. They preclude the traditional luxury sedan which left a void in American automobiles no other luxury car can fill. The majestic 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham presents an encore performance…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

It’s dramatically styled in its beauty and bearing. The formidable Fleetwood Brougham is the motorcar that represents the “Standard of the World” in a majestic fashion only Cadillac could create. These magnificent automobiles are more inspiring to behold and more rewarding to own than any other full-size luxury sedan.

Fleetwood models possess an eloquence and dignity befitting a flagship of its stature. The Brougham augmented the Fleetwood series with elegant appointments and signature features for luxury in the grand Cadillac manner. The 1994 Fleetwood Brougham carried on the tradition with glamour and distinction. Cadillac Fleetwoods remain America’s most aristocratic automobiles.

The gracious proportions of Fleetwood Brougham’s traditionally-inspired architecture evoke thoughts of the days gone by when we had the choice of a ‘real’ full-size luxury sedan…and a Cadillac – all in the same car. Fleetwood Brougham’s tall, extra-wide doors provide easy entry and exit. Sweeping fender lines flow systematically enhancing aerodynamic efficiency…the EPA rated the 1994 Fleetwood Brougham as 25 mpg highway.

Chrome bright work clads the lower body sides which include removable trim that mocks traditional rear-wheel fender skirts – Cadillac Style. Its stately silhouette is augmented by a long nose and short rear end design reminiscent of those fabulous classic Fleetwoods. Most important, Fleetwood Brougham’s engineering places a large sumptuous cabin between its occupants and the road…

The 1994 Fleetwood Brougham goes to great lengths to satisfy the most discerning driver. Its luxury length of 225.1” is even longer than that of the 1994 Lincoln Town Car’s mere 218.9” length. Fleetwood’s wide 78” stance beats the Town Car’s 76.9” width proudly.

Fleetwood Brougham rides upon a long 121.5” wheelbase compared to Town Car’s 117.4” wheelbase. Fleetwood Brougham’s 57.1” height beats that of the Town Car at 56.9”. So you see…the Fleetwood Brougham and its poised dignity is eminently qualified to carry the title of America’s largest production passenger automobile for the 1994 model year – Cadillac Style!

With its full-size luxury, excellent road manners, and Cadillac elegance…the 1994 Fleetwood Brougham is traditional splendor that one had come to expect from the brand. The last of the Fleetwoods are big and beautiful from bumper to bumper. Their substantial body on frame construction is configured as front engine rear-wheel drive – as a true Cadillac should be.

This is General Motors last attempt building full-size cars. The big B/D body used by Chevrolet for the Caprice/Impala SS, Buick for the Roadmaster, and of course Cadillac with the Fleetwood. One advantage to a rear drive car is the ability to move the front wheels forward in its overall design. Placing the front wheels ahead of the engine greatly enhances suspension dynamics which govern stability. The engine doesn’t have to be connected. Drive shaft, rear differential, and rear suspension adds weight to the back of the car. (And NO torque-steer!)

Fleetwood could be compared to a luxurious club room on wheels. Its spacious cloth or leather trimmed cabin was available in two distinctive trim levels. The standard Fleetwood sedan base priced at $33,990 – $34,615 is augmented by the optional “Brougham” luxury package.

The Brougham option upholstered with Prestwick knit cloth was $1680 while the leather trimmed version was $2250. This exclusive luxury package has a different seat cushion sew-style and upgraded appointments than the standard Fleetwood sedan.

The exterior is highlighted with a luxuriously padded vinyl roof treatment with “Brougham” nomenclature affixed to the rear sail panels. This deftly identifies it as Cadillac’s most luxurious owner-driven sedan. No other motorcar in its class can replicate the grandeur and dignity this supreme achievement in motoring offers. Passengers are ensconced in traditional 6-passenger comfort.

There’s room to stretch out with nearly 5′ of shoulder room. It has 38.7” of headroom available for front seat occupants and 39.1” for the rear passenger compartment. Fleetwood Brougham provides 42.5” of front seat legroom and 43.9” for rear seat passengers. Classic “Standard of the World” creations do not have to scream achievement…they simply whisper success. Fleetwood Brougham is renowned for legendary Cadillac comfort and convenience.

And…if Fleetwood Brougham’s spacious dimensions aren’t enough to prove its superiority in the luxury car segment, its impressive list of standard amenities will. Electronic components are bestowed throughout its svelte architecture. All season Electronic Climate Control Air Conditioning maintains optimum cabin comfort year-round. Once the temperature has been set no further intervention is required. This sophisticated system includes rear compartment heating/air conditioning ducts.

Power windows with ‘express down’ feature, power door locks, Cruise Control, Tilt Wheel adjustable steering wheel, and digital instrument cluster are the more basic amenities. For the 1994 model year, Fleetwood Brougham’s signature features include: driver’s memory seat, manual articulating head rests, power triple-element lumbar controls, illuminated rear seat overhead vanity mirrors, heated front seats, rear seat folding center armrest with dual cup holder and storage.

Still undecided? Additional standard amenities include: Twilight Sentinel electronic headlamp control, Solar Ray tinted glass, controlled-cycle windscreen wipers, Illuminated Entry System, Power deck lid release with pull-down feature, illuminated driver and front passenger visor vanity mirrors, power 55/45 6-way front seating w/power 2-way recliners, power heated right and left outside rearview mirrors, Pass Key II theft deterrent system, as well as power assisted steering and brakes.

Brougham’s deep-seated luxury is due in no small part to Cadillac’s patented ‘split frame’ seatback and cushion design. The wide lounge-type seats provide independent adjustment. A new window defog system allows its windscreen to be cleared in cold weather while maintaining heat flow to the lower portion of the cabin. They don’t refer to a Fleetwood Brougham as “The epitome of luxury” for nothing…

What do these two cars have in common?

The 1994 Fleetwood Brougham and the 1994 Chevrolet Corvette share a startling truth. The Cadillac Fleetwood’s power is derived from Corvette’s responsive new 2nd generation 5.7 litre 16-valve, 350 CID “LT1” V8 engine. Both Cadillac and Corvette versions are built with a cast iron block. The Vette is built with aluminum heads while Cadillac uses cast iron heads. Here’s a Cadillac with the heart of Corvette! The naturally aspirated engine is equipped with electronic sequential-port fuel injection. Dual-platinum tipped spark plugs require no scheduled tune-up for 100,000 miles. (Burn a good grade of premium fuel and you can go a lot farther than the captioned number)

The powerful new V8 is mated to the 460L-E GM Turbo Hydra-Matic 4-speed automatic transmission with electronic shift control, overdrive, and torque converter clutch. Engine and transmission are synchronized into a single synchronous power train unit for optimum efficiency. The unique power train combo provides greater horsepower and more torque at lower speeds thus yielding quicker, more confidant acceleration.

The formidable 5.7 litre LT1 cranks 260 hp @ 5,000 rpm with 454 Nm of peak torque @ 2,400 rpm. Longitudinal acceleration is rated as: 0-60 mph in 8.5 seconds, 0-100 mph in 22.6 seconds with a top speed in the 142 mph range. Impressive for a luxury sedan huh? It does the ¼ mile @ 88 mph in just 16.1 seconds. These specs are great when taken into consideration, this is a 4,506+ pound sedan.

Fleetwood Brougham’s full-frame construction permits the traditional Cadillac build. The “Magic Carpet Ride” was a signature Cadillac trademark. The 1994 edition uses the same logic. An independent front suspension has heavy-duty short/long arm upper and lower control systems. Brougham’s superior ride quality is further refined with coil springs, deflected-disc shock absorbers, and stabilizer bar.

The rear suspension is Cadillac’s 4-link drive with coil springs and stabilizer bar. Standard, is Cadillac’s exclusive Electronic Level Control that automatically calibrate the car’s ride height to maintain optimum poise under any road or load condition. ASRIIU full-range traction control with throttle relaxer aids its overall operational stability. Also standard is a Bosch ABSIIU three channel anti-lock braking system with power disc brakes fitted to the front axle and power assisted drums fitted to the rear axle.

Many thanks to Jim Hailey!

When one takes into consideration, luxury sedans such as the Fleetwood Brougham and what the brand builds today…it seems as though Cadillac has forgotten its loyal following, the same following that helped catapult the brand to the eminent status of “Standard of the World.”

The full-size Fleetwood was the first choice among bespoke coachbuilders for stretch limousines and professional vehicles of distinction. It was the largest regular passenger production automobile available in America for the genre. When the Fleetwood Brougham ceased production, it left coachbuilders without a traditional-size platform…

Spirited performance is just a tap of the accelerator pedal away. Deep within this elegant sedan beats the heart of a sports car. Corvette’s formidable 5.7 litre LT1 V8 engine assures responsive acceleration with extra power in reserve. Spacious six passenger accommodations, myriad standard comfort/convenience features and accessories, and that inherent Cadillac-Style makes the majestic Fleetwood Brougham a rare commodity in today’s mass-production euphoria. The bottom line: “Life’s not a cabaret…it’s a Hallmark card.” The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham is another successful chapter…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1941 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1956 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1964 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1970 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1976 Fleetwood Talisman

1994 Fleetwood Brougham

Welcome to Greg’s World of NotoriousLuxury © 2017


The Magnificent 1990 Cadillac Brougham

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical, Classic American Marques, Editorials, Luxury Sedans with tags , , , , , , on August 16, 2015 by 99MilesPerHour

An American Standard of excellence…

1990 Brougham 1

…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns”

1990 Brougham 2

Brougham is defined as the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac sedan. These Flagship models epitomize Cadillac luxury and prestige. The epochal “Standard of the World” was the most desired automobile universally. This luxurious body design by Fleetwood began as distinctive editions built at a highly restricted pace to retain the model’s exclusivity and supremacy. The 1990 Broughams are among the last examples of true American luxury automobiles. For the 1990 model year, the Cadillac Brougham was available with the powerful 5.7 litre V8 engine. The elegant Cadillac Brougham for 1990 gives a magnificent command performance…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1990 Brougham 3

This formal big-body design was built from 1980 through 1992. It’s big, robust, and stately…and every inch a Cadillac. This is the kind of luxury Americans took for granted. This car is still popular today. Their popularity is due in no small part to their operating efficiency. By burning premium gasoline in the 5.7 litre V8 engine, it gives astounding mpgs on the highway. For a car of its stature…it kicks butt in fuel economy.

Equip these with a set of Michelin All-Season radial tires for maximum mpgs. The most impressing facts about these cars is their low-maintenance requirements…keep the oil changed, fresh premium spark plugs…keep the tires rotated, and fresh air filters and these Broughams will outlast its owner. The key is the 5.7 litre V8 engine. It is weight efficient. In my opinion, this is one of GM’s best V8 engines ever built. It’s the perfect powerplant for an automobile as large as the 1990 Brougham – 

1990 Brougham 4

1990 Brougham 5

1990 Brougham 8

“The only way to travel…is Cadillac-style.” It was the marketing theme for the day. The Cadillac “beauty treatment” freshened the design for the 1990 model year. The front end ensemble includes composite single headlamps and a new grille texture. These headlamps give it a luxurious international flair. The new front bumper wraps all the way around to the fender wells. The bodyside cladding adds substance to the change. It makes the car look totally different from previous versions.

The Premiere vinyl roof treatment transforms it into a more formal look, making the roofline more contemporary. The Brougham is the most distinguished of all Cadillac models. The rear end received new taillamps which are a throwback to classic Cadillacs of the 1960s with the clear lens that glows red at night but turns white when the car is shifted to reverse for back-up lighting. The massive deck is beveled adding sculpture to its design. The bumper impact strips are wider. There will never be another luxury behemoth like the Cadillac Brougham.


1990 Brougham 6

It is the large, rear-wheel drive Cadillac Brougham that will never be forgotten. Some Cadillac owners didn’t like front-wheel drive and the Cadillac Brougham fit their desires. In 1990, it was the largest passenger production automobile in America. It’s old-school luxury. It made more money than the other Cadillac models because its design has been used since 1980. There were no new model start-up costs, and no major re-tooling and die changes. It was freshened to appear completely different from the previous model year. For the 1990 model year 33,741 units were built. It is traditional Cadillac luxury – the kind of luxury that today’s Cadillac puddle-jumpers cannot provide…

1990 Brougham 10

1980 Fleetwood Brougham 1

The 1980 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

1980 Fleetwood Brougham 2

1977 Sedan deVille

The 1990 Cadillac Broughams are collectible because they are the last of a classic style era of which will never be replicated. The Brougham and the Sedan deVille shared the same bodyshell from 1977 until 1984 when the last of the full-size Sedans deVille made their exit. The Brougham lost its distinctive 60 Special designation for the 1977 model year when Cadillac down-sized the standard models. When the Brougham lost its distinctive bodyshell, it merely became a trim level. Cadillac cut costs using the badge-swapping technique.

1978-1979 Fleetwood Brougham 4

The 1978-1979 Fleetwood Brougham (1978 shown)

1978-1979 Fleetwood Brougham 1

1978-1979 Fleetwood Brougham 2

1978-1979 Fleetwood Brougham 3

It takes the eagle eye to see the relationship from 1977-1979 Fleetwood Brougham and the Sedan deVille models. The only differences were the padded vinyl roof of the Brougham cladding the “B” pillars and a Frenched-in limousine-style rear window, as the Sedan deVille used the painted metal “B” pillars. The 1977-1979 Broughams had stainless-steel rocker moldings.

The last true-Fleetwood crafted Cadillac was built for the 1976 model year. The Fleetwood Series had an individually longer wheelbase and distinctive coachcrafting that separated it from the DeVille/Calais models, and they were built on a dedicated assembly line. The last of the good “Cadillac-built” engines were the 425 CID V8 used from 1977-1979 and the 368 CID used in the 1980 models.

1976 Fleetwood Series 60 Special Brougham 2

1976 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1976 Fleetwood Series 60 Special Brougham 3

This is the last of the traditional Cadillacs

1976 Fleetwood Series 60 Special Brougham 4

This car belonged to “Angel” the wife of Paul Harvey radio commentator

1976 Fleetwood Series 60 Special Brougham 5

1976 Fleetwood Series 60 Special Brougham

1990 Brougham black

The 1990 Brougham was available in two distinctive trim levels. The base Brougham sedan is utterly luxurious, and the Brougham d’Elegance is the epitome of Cadillac luxury and opulence. The base interior is upholstered in standard Prima Vera cloth. It is a handsomely tailored fluted design with the flair of European furniture.

The Brougham d’Elegance is also trimmed in the same luxurious velour but with a different sew-style. The Brougham d’Elegance has a unique sew-style with button-tufted pillow-style seating that would put a limousine to shame. There were a total of 33,741 Cadillac Broughams built for the 1990 model year. The base Brougham sedan had 21,524 units and the Brougham d’Elegance had 12,212 units built.

1990 Brougham white 2

1990 Cadillac Brougham sedan

1990 Brougham white 3

1990 Brougham white 4

1990 Brougham white 5

1990 Brougham white 6

1990 Brougham interior 3

1990 Brougham interior 2

1990 Brougham 11

1990 Cadillac Brougham d’Elegance

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 2

The Brougham d’Elegance has all the glitz and glamour. The fancy button tufted interior includes 55/45 6-way dual-power front seats with passenger recliner. Overhead assist handles, power trunk pull down, Twilight Sentinel automatic headlamp system, Illuminated Entry system, and driver and front passenger lighted visor vanity mirrors were standard. Luxurious Tampico carpet and specific model identification further distinguished the Brougham d’Elegance from the base model.

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 3

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 5

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 6

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 7

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 4

notice the sheer size of this luxury barouche

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 8

1990 Brougham interior 1

The base Brougham is luxurious in its own manner. Power windows, power door locks, Electronic Climate Control, Illuminated Entry system, Tilt & Telescopic steering wheel, lamp monitors, and a fully padded vinyl roof with distinctive limousine-style rear window treatment are just a few of the many standard features and accessories. A Cadillac Brougham is first-class luxury…either version chosen.

1990 Brougham 13

1990 Brougham 7

5.7 litre 1

A Cadillac…is a Cadillac – The 5.7 litre V8 engine is best suited for the 1990 Brougham. The standard 5.0 litre isn’t as responsive at the 5.7 litre engine. The Small block L05/LL0 Chevrolet 5.7 litre 16-valve 350 CID naturally aspirated V8 engine with indirect fuel injection makes the 1990 Brougham…MOVE. It cranks 175 hp @ 4,200 rpm with 400 Nm of peak torque @2,000 rpm. The engine is mated to the GM THM-200-4R 4-speed automatic transmission with Overdrive.

Longitudinal acceleration is rated as 0-60 mph in 10.6 seconds, 0-100 mph in 36.6 seconds with a top speed in the 116 mph range. It does the ¼ mile @ 78 mph in 17.8 seconds. In my opinion, these big-bodied Broughams should have been equipped exclusively with the 5.7 litre 350 CID V8 engine.

5.7 litre 2

1990 Armbruster Stageway 1

1990 Cadillac Brougham by Armbruster Stageway

1990 Armbruster Stageway 2

The 1990 Brougham’s platform made it the premier choice for professional cars of absolute discretion. Optional packages included the Coachbuilder’s version, the Funeral Coach version, and the Trailer Towing version.

These packages included the 5.7 litre V8 engine with throttle body fuel injection, the heavy-duty THM-700-4R 4-speed transmission with torque converter and Overdrive, heavy-duty cooling system, heavy-duty suspension and a modified propeller shaft with an 8.5” rear axle.

The eminent coachbuilders that converted the 1990 Brougham include Armbruster Stageway, Maloney of Chicago, Superior Coaches of Lima Ohio, and Accubuilt Inc. of Lima Ohio. The 1990 Brougham made excellent stretch limousines, and professional cars because of its size and stature.

1990 Brougham 14

1990 Brougham 12

The beautiful 1990 Brougham is built as body on frame construction. It has the luxury length of 221”, rides upon a long 121.5” wheelbase and is 76.5” in width. The suspension is independent up front with Cadillac’s four-link drive and Superlift electronic level control for the rear suspension. It is equipped with power front discs, rear drums. The braking system is self-adjusting with Bosch II ABS.

1990 Brougham 19

1990 Brougham 17

“So much is new in the 1990 Brougham. But its mission is unchanged: to give you classic luxury with Cadillac comfort and convenience.” This was the mission statement from General Motors regarding the Brougham’s restyling. It is the definitive American luxury car. With the distinctive new styling and lavish interiors, the Cadillac Brougham and Brougham d’Elegance are eminently qualified to carry the title of America’s most distinguished full-size luxury sedan.

When the Brougham is equipped with the powerful 5.7 litre V8 engine, it yields unusually spirited performance for an automobile of this stature. The Brougham’s four-door six-passenger comfort and legendary Cadillac elegance refines America’s most successful luxury automobile even further. From the authoritative front end styling…through the graceful sweep of its formal roof…back to the traditionally styled rear end design, the 1990 Cadillac Brougham is an All-American classic. It makes a command performance…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1990 Brougham 9

Special thanks to Matt Garrett and GM Classics for the photos

1990 Brougham 20

1990 Brougham 16

1990 Brougham d'Elegance interior 1

1990 Brougham white 1

The 1990 Cadillac Brougham is NotoriousLuxury