Archive for Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

1994 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham: The end of an illustrious era in motoring

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical, Editorials, Extreme Luxury, Grande Marque, Luxury Sedans, Notorious with tags , , , , , , , , , , on September 1, 2015 by 99MilesPerHour

“As the Standard of the World Turns” presents…

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 1

…Those Fabulous Fleetwoods

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 2

The finale to Cadillac’s full-size rear-wheel, big-bodied luxury sedans is the 1993-1996 Fleetwood. The 5.7 litre V8 powered the last of Cadillac’s Flagship luxury grand tourers in true Cadillac-style. For the 1994 model year the Fleetwood received the 5.7 litre LT1 V8 from under the hood of the formidable Corvette. The eminent Fleetwood Series WAS the Cadillac of Cadillacs. In stature, in presence, and power, the Fleetwoods were the end of an illustrious era in motoring luxury.

The Brougham epitomized the brand being the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac luxury sedan in the model hierarchy. It is the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special that garnered the “Standard of the World” title for Cadillac. The Brougham option was so popular for the 1965 model year that it became its own series. The fabulous Fleetwood Brougham has a poised dignity which was the hallmark of every Cadillac. The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham leads the flashback performance of “Those Fabulous Fleetwoods”…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 3

Power…prestige…and presence are the attributes to the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood. Model #DW5 style code #W69 1994 Fleetwood sedan was base priced between $33,990 and $34,615. The base sedan is a hefty 4,478 pounds and with the Brougham option it becomes 4,506 pounds. The Brougham option with the handsomely tailored Prestwick cloth interior was an additional $1,680. The Brougham option with glove-soft leather upholstery was $2,250 extra. These are the big-bodied Fleetwoods built on the “D-body” platform that was shared with Chevrolet for the Caprice Classic, Buick for the Roadmaster, and Oldsmobile for the Custom Cruiser wagon. This is the last full-size platform from General Motors. Cadillac built 27,473 Fleetwoods for the 1994 model year.

1930 Fleetwood V16 1

1930 Fleetwood V16 convertible sedan

1930 Fleetwood V16 2

The eminent Fleetwood series began as a pet project by Larry Fisher, one of the famous Fisher brothers that formed the Fisher Body Division of General Motors. He was intrigued by luxury bodied Cadillacs. Fisher Body was formed in 1916. Larry Fisher became GM general manager in 1925. He coordinated the Fleetwood Metal Body Company acquisition in 1925.

Fleetwood no longer produced bodies for a variety of luxury brands now that it was owned by GM. The Fleetwood Division bodied cars exclusively for the Cadillac brand. From 1927 through 1934 any Cadillac could be ordered with a Fleetwood crafted body. By 1938, Cadillac became more exclusive with Fleetwood-bodied cars. The only way to get a Fleetwood was to order the Series 75 or Series 90.

1930 Fleetwood V16 3

1930 Fleetwood V16 4

1930 Fleetwood V16 5

1930 Fleetwood V16 6

1938 Series Sixty-Special 1

1938 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1938 Series Sixty-Special 2

For the 1938 model year Harley Earl and Bill Mitchell, both top design managers for GM, introduced the eminent Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special. The name became synonymous with the most luxurious Cadillacs. Beginning in 1940 onward, the Series Sixty-Special would bear the high-end trim. For 1941 the Series Sixty-Special gained an exclusive 133” wheelbase and a uniquely stretched “C-body” platform for the next 28 of the 34 model years. These special cars had special trim, with greater head and legroom, with the exclusive wheelbase. The fabulous Fleetwood-bodied cars catapulted Cadillac into the “Standard of the World” which is a formidable title Cadillac would hold until the late 1970s.

1938 Series Sixty-Special 8

1938 Series Sixty-Special 5

1938 Series Sixty-Special 6

1938 Series Sixty-Special 7

1938 Series Sixty-Special 10

1938 Series Sixty-Special 9

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 1

1939 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Derham Town Car

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 2

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 5

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 6

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 3

1939 Sixty-Special Derham Town Car 4

1941 Series Sixty-Special

1941 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1952 Series Sixty-Special 3

1952 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1952 Series Sixty-Special 7

The Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special continued to flourish throughout the 1940s and 1950s. No motorcar in history has captured the admiration of luxury car buyers as the fabulous Fleetwoods. Whatever the occasion, there was no more gracious manner in which to arrive. This is luxury on the grand Cadillac scale…they are outstanding even among Cadillacs. Fleetwood crafted the interiors of all Cadillacs; they hand-crafted the entire car for the eminent Fleetwood Series…on a dedicated assembly line – 

The custom crafted design and superb Fleetwood coachwork speak eloquently of its owner’s impeccable taste. Never has the Cadillac emblem adorned more impressive automobiles than the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special sedans. In every aspect of motorcar superiority, the fabulous Fleetwoods are truly masterworks of the motoring age – it was unlikely that any material possession reflects good taste and achievement more than the distinctive Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special.

1952 Series Sixty-Special 4

1952 Series Sixty-Special 5

1952 Series Sixty-Special 6

1952 Series Sixty-Special 2

1952 Series Sixty-Special 1

1954 Fleetwood 1

1954 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

1954 Fleetwood 2

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 1

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 2

Now, fast-forward to the 1965-1970 Fleetwood Series that reinforced the image of these eminent automobiles. They were the Flagships annually in the model hierarchy. The Fleetwood is the last word in exclusivity and supremacy. If you see one of these distinguished models, it is instantly recognizable. They have an individually longer wheelbase and signature styling features that were not shared with other Cadillac models. And if the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special wasn’t grand enough for you in 1965, you could have ordered the Brougham option.

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 4

The Brougham was so successful in 1965 that it became its own stand-alone series in the model hierarchy for the 1966 model year. The Brougham is the most luxurious owner-driven Cadillac luxury sedan. Signature styling features include a formal padded vinyl roof, “Brougham” nomenclature inside and affixed to the rear “C” pillars, carpeted rear seat footrests, adjustable reading lamps, and a 60/40 dual power front seat. The 1965-1967 Broughams have folding wooden tables attached to the backs of the front seats. Fleetwoods up to and including the 1970 model year have genuine walnut trim inside. A Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham is a car that wasn’t seen at every stop light.

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 5

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 6

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 7

The 1965 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 8

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 3

1965 Fleetwood Brougham 9

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 1

1970 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 2

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 3

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 4

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 5

A dual 60/40 power front seat, carpeted rear seat foot rests, and adjustable rear seat reading lamps…were all signature styling features of the Sixty-Special Brougham, the 1970 model is shown here.

1970 Fleetwood Brougham 6

1972 Fleetwood 1

1972 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1972 Fleetwood 2

1972 Fleetwood 11

1972 Fleetwood 12

1972 Fleetwood 13

1972 Fleetwood 15

1972 Fleetwood 14

1972 Fleetwood 7

1972 Fleetwood 10

1976 Fleetwood 1

1976 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special Brougham

1976 Fleetwood 2

The 1971-1976 Fleetwoods are the last to be in the Sixty-Special model series. These are the last of the hand-crafted Fleetwoods built on their own dedicated assembly line. They are the last to have the distinctive 133” wheelbase built on an exclusive platform. The Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special is known for its glitzy, chrome-laden presence…1976 is the last true Sixty-Special Brougham. The 1971-1976 Fleetwoods were now all Fleetwood Broughams; there were no more base Sixty-Special sedans. Special editions of the Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special include the Brougham d’Elegance above and the Fleetwood Talisman.

1976 Fleetwood 5

1976 Fleetwood Talisman 

1976 Fleetwood 8

The interior of the sumptuous Fleetwood Talisman

1976 Fleetwood 9

1976 Fleetwood 4

1976 Fleetwood 61976 was the last of the full-size Cadillac luxury sedans…

1976 Fleetwood 3

1976 Fleetwood 7

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 1

1977 Fleetwood Brougham

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 2

From 1977-1979 the Fleetwood lost its distinction. The Sedan deVille and Fleetwood Brougham were now trim levels for a base product. The only exterior augmentation distinguishing the Fleetwood Brougham is a uniquely padded vinyl roof treatment with a Frenched-in limousine style rear window, special nomenclature, and stainless-steel lower rocker moldings. All of the enigmatic “Fleetwood” stature had vanished. The major difference was the interior trim level.

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 8

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 9

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 10

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 6

1977 Fleetwood Brougham 7

1980-1989 Fleetwood 1

1980-1989 Fleetwood 2

1980-1989 Fleetwood 3

1980-1989 Fleetwood Brougham

1980-1989 Fleetwood 4

From 1980 until 1984, the Sedan deVille and the Fleetwood Brougham shared the same body shells also. The Fleetwood Brougham continued to be the Flagship. It is simply known as the “Brougham” from 1988 until 1992. The Fleetwood Brougham is basically the same car from 1980 until 1992. The Brougham received refined new styling for the 1990-1992 models, but it is still the same basic bodyshell. The 1990-1992 models are the classiest of the 1980-1992 versions.

1980-1989 Fleetwood 5

1980-1989 Fleetwood 6

1980-1989 Fleetwood 7

1980-1989 Fleetwood 12

1980-1989 Fleetwood 8

1990-1992 Brougham 2

1990-1992 Cadillac Brougham

1990-1992 Brougham 3

1990-1992 Brougham

1990-1992 Brougham 4

1990-1992 Brougham 6

1990-1992 Brougham 5

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 5

For the 1993-1996 production years, the Fleetwood was revamped as a rear-wheel drive luxury sedan sharing neither sheet metal nor drive train with any other Cadillac. It was the largest rear-wheel drive automobile made in America at the time…and the last of the big-bodied behemoths that spoiled Americans.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 6

The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood is the king of the road. It has a front mounted engine and rear-wheel drive. It rides upon a long 121.5” wheelbase, has the luxury length of 225.1”, and a wide 78” stance which makes it superior in ride quality. This is traditional Cadillac luxury at its finest – The optional Brougham package includes a fully padded vinyl roof, special “Brougham” nomenclature, exclusive aluminum wheel design, and contoured seating with a special sew-style. This option makes the 1994 Brougham even more distinctive. The Fleetwood Brougham continues the tradition of being the most luxurious sedan in the model hierarchy.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 1

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 2

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 4

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 8

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 15

The base Cadillac Fleetwood for 1994 is equipped with: power windows, automatic power door locks, Pass Key II theft deterrent system, Electronic Climate Control (uses R-134a refrigerant), Solar Ray tinted glass, front and rear center folding arm rests with storage bins inside, digital instrument cluster, Illuminated Entry system, driver’s memory seat with two settings, power six-way front seating which includes power triple element lumbar controls, manual articulated front head restraints, split frame construction 55/45 dual comfort front seats (seat cushion and back rest are both individually adjustable), Cruise Control, and a leather wrapped tilt steering wheel. These are just a few of the myriad comfort and convenience features offered by America’s largest and most comfortable luxury sedan. A number of options were available to make the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood as unique as its owner’s finger prints –

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 17

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 19

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 18

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 20

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 21

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 9

The Cadillac Fleetwood was the primary choice of premiere coachbuilders. The coachbuilder limousine package was $755. A funeral coach package offered a $910 credit because only the front end of the Cadillac Fleetwood was used; the coach work completely revised the rear of the car. The heavy-duty livery package was $150. When Cadillac discontinued the Fleetwood, the coachbuilders scrambled to buy the last of them…after the Fleetwood and the Lincoln Town Car ceased production, the coachbuilding industry suffered.

They converted vans into hearses, Hummers were stretched into limousines, gaudy yes, but there was nothing else large enough to stretch into a professional vehicle. The new Cadillac XTS stretched into a hearse is “homely” to the point of looking like a caricature; their limousine versions are equally as tacky. The XTS looks awkward from most angles; this is exemplified when they are stretched…shame on Cadillac for building such crap –

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 26

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 25

The ferocious LT1 engine from the Chevrolet Corvette became standard for the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood. It is the GenII 5.7 litre V8 with 16-valves and a displacement of 350 CID. This naturally aspirated V8 engine used sequential port fuel injection and new Opti-Spark Ignition. This is an angle-based spark delivery system that ensures a precisely timed high-energy spark for optimum fuel efficiency and low exhaust emissions. It uses dual-platinum-tipped spark plugs that can go up to 100,000 miles before changing. (I personally went 120,000 before replacing the plugs, and really didn’t have to at that point. I always burn premium gasoline that keeps the injectors cleaner which in turn adds life to the spark plugs.)

The LT1 cranks 260 hp @ 5,000 rpm with 454 Nm of peak torque @ 2,400 rpm. The engine is mated to GM’s electronically controlled 4L60-E Turbo Hydra-Matic 4-speed automatic transmission with overdrive and torque converter clutch. The transmission features altitude compensation and over-rev protection. The transmission shares the same key information with the Powertrain Control Module as the engine to maintain consistent shifting even in higher altitudes as well as automatically upshifting out of D1 (first gear) to second to protect the engine. It also has a stainless-steel exhaust system for longer life.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 12

The 1994 Fleetwood is a powerful luxury sedan. Longitudinal acceleration is rated as: 0-60 mph in 8.5 seconds, 0-100 mph in 22.6 seconds, and 0-120 mph in 40.3 seconds. It does the ¼ mile @ 88 mph in just 16.1 seconds. If this engine kicks-butt in a Vette…can you imagine this same powerplant in a luxury barouche like the Cadillac Fleetwood? If you are like me who likes a big, fast, and extremely well-mannered luxury sedan, the 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood sedan is the automobile for you.

This car is not only fast but efficient as well. The large 23 gallon fuel tank allows it to go longer between fill ups. Fuel economy is rated as 17 mph city/25 mpg highway. I personally have gotten 35 mph doing straight highway driving; burning 93 octane gasoline while driving at speeds between 70-80 mph. (kids do not try this at home). These cars are magnificent performers.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 7

The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood is built as body on frame construction. The front suspension is fully independent with short/long arm upper and lower control arms, coil springs, deflected disc shock absorbers, and stabilizer bar. The rear uses Cadillac’s four-link drive, coil springs, stabilizer bar, and Electronic Level Control system. The Cadillac Fleetwood has a Powertrain Control Module and computer diagnostic system for extended service and fewer maintenance requirements.

Standard is the Bosch ABSIIU, the patented three-channel anti-lock braking system with power assisted discs to the front axle and drums to the rear axle. To aid in its overall operation ASRIIU full range Traction Control with throttle relaxer is also standard. Power Speed Sensitive Steering is recalibrated to balance highway and parking feel. The Electronic Variable Orifice (EVO) valve is a key component in variable assist systems.

At speeds below 40 mph the EVO valve is completely open allowing full hydraulic flow from the power steering pump through the steering unit for maximum power assist. At higher speeds the control module commands the EVO to partially close which restricts the hydraulic flow reducing assistance to improve the road feel while providing greater directional stability.

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 11

Custom Carriage Roof treatment

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 10

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 27

The Cadillac Fleetwood is no mere luxury factotum. All Fleetwoods are full-fledged luxury sedans that are highly sought among collectors world-wide. The 1994 Fleetwood goes to great lengths to provide the attributes that are so important to luxury car buyers. It retains the classic elegance and style of which Cadillac is so prominent. The Fleetwood’s preeminence in the luxury car arena is unequalled among its competitors.

The 1994 Cadillac Fleetwood is one of the roomiest cars you can buy. This is a luxury sedan with the heart of a sports car. Powered by the formidable 5.7 litre LT1 V8 from the Corvette, it can pounce from 0-60 mph in a mere 8.5 seconds. The Cadillac Fleetwood evolves from a tradition of eloquence. A Fleetwood has that poised dignity which was the hallmark of every Cadillac. The fabulous Cadillac Fleetwoods are another successful chapter…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

1994 Fleetwood Brougham white 3

1957 Eldorado Brougham 1

1957 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham hand-crafted by Fleetwood

1957 Eldorado Brougham 2

Special thanks to Sarasota Classic Car Museum, Park Ward Motors Museum, RLB Auto Group, MJC Classic Cars, Matt Garrett and GM Classics, Jim Hailey, and Bob Adams Classic Cars for these beautiful photographs.

1957 Eldorado Brougham 4

1957 Eldorado Brougham 5

1957 Eldorado Brougham 6

1957 Eldorado Brougham 7

1957 Eldorado Brougham 3

1957 Eldorado Brougham 9

1958 Series Sixty-Special 2

1958 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1958 Series Sixty-Special 6

1958 Series Sixty-Special 4

1958 Series Sixty-Special 5

1958 Series Sixty-Special 1

1958 Series Sixty-Special 3

1959 Series Sixty-Special 1

1959 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1959 Series Sixty-Special 3

1959 Series Sixty-Special 4

1959 Series Sixty-Special 5

1959 Series Sixty-Special 2

1959 Series Sixty-Special 6

1959 Series Seventy-Five

1959 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

1964 Series Sixty-Special 2

1964 Fleetwood Series Sixty-Special

1964 Series Sixty-Special 1

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 1

1974 Fleetwood Talisman

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 2

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 3

1974 Fleetwood Talisman 4

1976 Fleetwood 10

1976 Fleetwood Series Seventy-Five

1976 Fleetwood 11

1976 Fleetwood 12

1976 Fleetwood 14

1976 Fleetwood 13

1994 Fleetwood Brougham 4

The Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham is NotoriousLuxury

Cadillac Style

The only way to travel was Cadillac-style…will there ever be another?

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1977 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

Posted in "As the Standard of the World Turns", Cadillac, Cadillac Historical with tags , , , , , on February 26, 2014 by 99MilesPerHour

The next generation of the luxury carImage

 The continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns”

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The next generation of the luxury car was introduced by Cadillac for the 1977 model year. Based on the 1975 Cadillac Seville, this new breed was designed for the contemporary changing world. While more compact in exterior design the 1977 Fleetwood Brougham retained the legroom and headroom of the luxurious 1976 Brougham. Making efficient use of space using computer technology, and lighter weight materials yielded major advancements in fuel economy.

A major engineering objective was to design the 1977 Cadillacs to reduce service complexity making it easier to service should it be required. The next generation of the luxury car was designed for today’s world and didn’t forget the reasons one purchased a Cadillac: elegance, performance and prestige. Cadillac celebrated their 75th Anniversary for 1977 with completely re-designed models. This contemporary expression of Cadillac luxury was a new view of the legendary motorcar in the continuing saga of…”As the Standard of the World Turns.”

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The 1977 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham was a car complete. Standard features included: Automatic Climate Control, Automatic Level Control, four-wheel disc brakes, power windows and door locks, 50/50 Dual Comfort front seats, opera lamps, Soft-Ray glass, AM/FM Signal Seeking Radio with scanner and power antenna, lamp monitors, cornering lamps, and steel-belted wide-whitewall tires.

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The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham didn’t stint on comfort nor convenience. There was the same spacious head and legroom as the previous 1976 model, the 1977 interiors were redesigned for more efficient use of space. The luxurious interiors by Fleetwood included eleven color combinations of supple natural grain leather, or there were seven shades of Florentine velour or handsome Dover cloth in four colors to choose from. The Fleetwood touch was evident in the seat cushion sew-style as well as the tailored door panels. The standard folding center front and rear armrests added further distinction and comfort. The traditional carpeted rear seat footrests and the adjustable rear seat reading lamps continued the Brougham tradition for this next generation luxury sedan.

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Gone was its body by Fleetwood, it now shared the same bodyshell and chassis as the 1977 Sedan deVille. The Brougham’s new contemporary bodywork was augmented by a distinctive roof treatment that differentiated it from the Sedan deVille. The Fleetwood Brougham was always a luxury sedan of elegant refinement.

The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham retained the six passenger comfort, elegance, and exclusivity long associated with the brand. Cadillac engineers retuned body mounts and structure for a smoother ride and quiet interior. The elegant new silhouette, the bold front end styling, and the attractive Cadillac-style tail lamps made the 1977 Fleetwood Brougham an exciting new expression of contemporary Cadillac luxury.

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The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was a car of unmistakable elegance and impressive roadability. With its agile 121.5” wheelbase, maneuverability was increased in city traffic and it was easier to park. The Fleetwood Brougham synthesized an all-new trimmer size and design with traditional Cadillac comfort and convenience. It was designed to meet the needs of American drivers.  The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was re-engineered for easier serviceability and fewer maintenance services.

The High Energy Ignition system eliminated points and condenser. The Freedom Battery never required water. Isoflex body mounts provided a firm but luxurious ride. Teflon liners in the rear springs reduced friction. The match-mounted tires/wheels reduced deflection and increased rolling smoothness. Cadillac engineers used computer technology throughout its design. Computer simulation, advanced structural analysis, advanced testing instrumentation, and the use of advanced components were all networking aggregately in this next generation luxury car.

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The 1977 Cadillacs were powered by an all-new Cadillac 7.0 litre 425 CID 16-valve OHV V8 engine. It was equipped with a 4-bbl Quadrajet and a mechanical fuel pump. The engine produced 180 hp @ 4,000 rpm with 434 Nm of peak torque @ 2,400 rpm. Performance was rated as 0-60 mph in 11.9 seconds, 0-100 mph in 39.9 seconds with a top speed of 112 mph. It did the ¼ mile @ 76 mph in 19.1 seconds. The available optional Electronic Fuel Injection system boosted hp to 195 and increased performance ratings by a few seconds. The engine was mated to GM’s Turbo Hydra-Matic THM-400 3-speed automatic transmission. The all-new V8 engine had a cast iron block and heads, five main bearings, and hydraulic valve lifters.

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The completely re-designed 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was a large front engine rear drive luxury sedan. It was built as body on frame construction using Cadillac’s ladder type frame with welded crossmembers. It rode on a long 121.5” wheelbase, had the luxury length of 221.2” and was 76.4” wide. The front suspension used upper and lower control arms, independent coil springs, link-type stabilizer bar and hydraulic direct action shock absorbers. The rear suspension was set-up for the Automatic Level Control network. It used Cadillac’s four-link drive, coil springs, and dampers designed for the height control.  It also used a hypoid type rear axle with propeller shaft using two constant velocity joints for the front and rear. 

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Cadillac’s triple-braking system was standard. It used a power hydraulic dual master cylinder with separate fluid reservoirs for independent operation of front and rear brake systems. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham had four-wheel ventilated disc brakes with a self-adjusting feature. It was equipped with a tandem vacuum power booster and single piston sliding calipers front and rear. The parking brake had silent action with a vacuum release. It was a true auxiliary brake since it would not lock with the engine running and car in gear. This highly sophisticated braking system provided smooth, fade-free operation.

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It was the Cadillac Seville that inspired the next generation of the luxury car. Cadillac had to re-design their offerings to compete in the contemporary market. There were several deciding factors for a smaller, trimmer, more fuel efficient Cadillac. The 1973 Arab Oil Embargo set the stage which created havoc in the US with gasoline shortages, long lines at the stations with fuel, and the rising cost of crude oil.

The EPA mandated Corporate Average Fuel Economy or CAFÉ standards could not be ignored either or GM would have faced unpleasant consequences. The Seville was introduced in 1975 as a 1976 model. It was based on a modified Chevy Nova platform and used an Oldsmobile 5.7 litre 350 CID engine. The Seville introduced a new “international-sized” luxury sedan…it was clean and compact. The Seville proved through efficient use of space and lighter weight materials that a luxury car could obtain optimum gasoline mileage. The European inspired styling was a refreshing new view of Cadillac luxury.

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Cadillac engineers expanded the dimensions of the Seville slightly combining contemporary styling and classic Cadillac styling cues. The result was the 1977 Cadillacs. Compared to the 1976 Brougham, the 1977 version had a 121.5” wheelbase vs the 133” of the 1976. The 1977 Fleetwood had an overall length of 221.2” vs the 233.7” of the 1976, width went from 79.8” for the 1976 down to 76.4” for the 1977. It was the Cadillac Seville that initiated a new era of Cadillac luxury. The Seville’s styling was so popular that it spawned a decade of clones from various automakers. General Motors over-did the design with ALL of its divisions, sharing most of the Seville’s styling cues. Yes, it was the trusty Cadillac Seville that ushered in the “bad-taste” era that spanned an entire decade in the 1980s.

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Cadillac sold 335,785 vehicles for the 1977 model year, it had broken the previous sales record for the 1976 model year which produced 304,485 vehicles. It was the first time that Cadillac had exceeded the 300,000 mark. Cadillac broke the sales record again for the 1978 model year building 350,813 vehicles.

Cadillac was the only luxury brand that could re-design its offerings so drastically yet manage to set new sales records. The luxury car buyers appreciated Cadillac’s trimmer, more efficient models…especially at the fuel pumps. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham production totaled 28,000 vs the 234,171 DeVille production total. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was base priced at $11,546. Try to locate a brand new luxury sedan today for that price!

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Cadillac reinvented the luxury car for the 1977 model year. They were completely re-engineered from the ground up. They had a completely new bodyshell, chassis, and engine. The all-new Cadillac 7.0 litre V8 engine more than adequately powered the next generation of the luxury car. The 1977 Fleetwood Brougham had clean, sculpted, sensible styling right for the changing times. It was designed for more efficient use of space.

The Fleetwood Brougham was trimmer on the outside but retained its spacious six passenger comfort with virtually the same interior dimensions as the 1976 Fleetwood Brougham. It was an immediate success breaking the 1976 sales production total. In total value, comfort, convenience and luxury with prestige, the 1977 Fleetwood Brougham was truly one of the world’s great sedans. The 1977 Cadillac Fleetwood was another superlative superlative…in the continuing saga of “As the Standard of the World Turns.”

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 1977 Sedan deVille from Matt Garrett’s collection

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The 1977 Cadillacs were the next generation of the luxury car

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1977 Fleetwood Brougham